Sanskrit words for Surprise

Whitney Roots links: at
at 1 [p= 12,1] [L=2487]
a prefix said to imply " surprise " , probably a contraction of ati , meaning " extraordinary " , (g. ūry-ādi , q.v.)
at 2 [L=2490]
átati ( Naigh. ; p. átat or átamāna) , to go constantly , walk , run RV.  ; 
to obtain
(H1) ind.
(H1) cl.1 P. A1.
ad-bhuta [L=2488]

adbhuta [p= 19,1] [L=3800]
([once adbhutá RV. i , 120 , 4]) (» 1. at) , supernatural , wonderful , marvellous
adbhuta [L=3800.1]
the marvellous (in style)
adbhuta [L=3800.2]
adbhuta [L=3800.3]
N. of the indra of the ninth manvantara
adbhuta [L=3800.4]
a marvel , a wonder , a prodigy.
adbhuta [p= 1310,1] [L=303050]
(H3) mfn.
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H2) (in
abhi- √ grah [p= 62,1] [L=11301]
āti , to take hold of , take up (from the soil) TS. &c  ; 
to accept , receive
MBh.  ; 
to set (as a blossom)
BhP.  ; 
to lay together , to fold (the hands)
» abhighīta-pāi below: Caus. -grāhayati , to catch , surprise e.g. rūpā*bhigrāhita , taken in the very act Das3.
(H1) -grih
aye [p= 86,1] [L=14981]
a vocative particle , an interjection (of surprise , recollection , fatigue , fear , passion , especially used in dramas , cf. ayi).
(H1) ind.
ahaha [p= 125,1] [L=21795]
an interjection , as Ah! aha! &c (implying surprise , fatigue , pain , sorrow , pleasure , calling) Vikr. Hit. &c
(H1) ind.
aho [p= 124,3] [L=21755]
ahā [= áhar] in comp. before the letter r).
aho 2 [p= 126,1] [L=21980]
a particle (implying joyful or painful surprise) Ah! (of enjoyment or satisfaction) Oh! (of fatigue , discontent , compassion , sorrow , regret) Alas! Ah! (of praise cf. Pa1n2. 8-1 , 40 seq.) Bravo! (of reproach) Fie! (of calling Kum. iii , 20) Ho! Halo! (of contempt) Pshaw! Often combined with other particles of similar signification , as aho dhik or dhig aho , aho bata , &c
(H2) (instead of
(H1) ind.
āścarya 1 [p= 158,1] [L=27585]
(said to be fr. √car with ā and a sibilant inserted Pa1n2. 6-1 , 147), appearing rarely , curious , marvellous , astonishing , wonderful , extraordinary Kat2hUp. Prab. S3ak. Ragh.
āścarya 1 [L=27587]
strange appearance
āścarya 1 [L=27588]
a wonder , miracle , marvel , prodigy
āścarya 1 [L=27589]
wonder , surprise , astonishment R. Bhag. S3ak. &c
āścarya 2 [L=27596]
P. āścaryati , to be marvellous or strange L.
āścarya [p= 1320,2] [L=320540]
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H2) Nom.
(H2) (in
kathám [p= 247,2] [L=42763]
(fr. 2. ka) , how? in what manner? whence? (e.g. katham etat , how is that? katham idānīm , how now? what is now to be done? katham mārā*tmake tvayi viśvāsa , how can there be reliance on thee of murderous mind? katham utsjya tvā gaccheyam , how can I go away deserting you? katham buddhvā bhaviyati sā , how will she be when she awakes? katham mtyu , prabhavati vedavidām , whence is it that death has power over those that know the veda? katham avagamyate , whence is it inferred?)

katham merely introduces an interrogation (e.g. katham ātmāna nivedayāmi katha*tmā*pahāra karomi , shall I declare myself or shall I withdraw?) katham is often found in connection with the particles iva , nāma , nu , svid , which appear to generalize the interrogation (how possibly? how indeed? &c )

nu it is sometimes = kimu , or kutas (e.g. katka nu , how much more! na katha nu , how much less!) katham is often connected , like kim , with the particles cana , cid , and api , which give an indefinite sense to the interrogative (e.g. katha cana , in any way , some how ; scarcely , with difficulty ; na katha cana , in no way at all ; kathacit , some how or other , by some means or other , in any way , with some difficulty , scarcely , in a moderate degree , a little ; na kathacit , not at all , in no way whatever ; na kathacid na , in no way not i.e. most decidedly ; yathā kathacit , in any way whatsoever ; kathacid yadi jīvati , it is with difficulty that he lives ; katham api , some how or other , with some difficulty , scarcely a little ; katham api na , by no means , not at all) RV. &c

katham is a particle implying amazement

(H1) ind.
[L=42763.3]according to lexicographers
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 35.47
kuh 1 [p= 298,3] [L=53700]
kuhayate , to surprise or astonish or cheat by trickery or jugglery Dha1tup. xxxv , 47.
kuh 2 [L=53728]
(H1) cl.10 A1.
(H1) »
camat [p= 388,2] [L=72058]
" an interjection of surprise " , only in comp.
(H1) ind.
camat--karaa [L=72059]
astonishment Sa1h. iii , 4 a÷b



(H3) n.
[L=72060]producing wonder , causing surprise
[L=72061]spectacle , festival
[L=72062]high poetical composition
camat--kāra [L=72063]
astonishment , surprise Katha1s. xxii , 257 Prab. &c




aspera L.
(H3) m.
[L=72064]show , spectacle
[L=72065]riot , festive turbulence
[L=72066]high poetical composition
camat--kti [L=72078]
astonishment , surprise.
(H3) f.
Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 35.63
citrī--karaa [p= 397,3] [L=74000]
making variegated , decorating , painting Dha1tup. xxxv , 63

Pa1n2. 3-3 , 150.
(H3) n.
citrīya [L=74004]
°yate ( Pa1n2. 3-1 , 19) to be surprised Hcar. vii Mcar. Ba1lar. Prasannar. Katha1s.  ; 
Vop. xxi , 23) to cause surprise Bhat2t2. (cf. ati-).
(H2) Nom.
citrīyā [L=74005]
surprise Das3. xi , 32.
(H2) f.
a-kāra [p= 429,3] [L=81199]
(onomat. ; cf. ā-k°) howling , howl , cry , sound , clang , twang Ka1d. BhP. iii , 17 , 9 Uttarar. Ra1jat. v , 417 Sa1h.


(H1) m.
amaru [p= 430,2] [L=81344]
( L. ) id. Ra1jat. ii , 99 Prab. iii , 14

amaru [p= 1328,1] [L=332320]
(add "a sacred drum, shaped like an hour, glass, used by the god śiva and by Buddhist mendicant monks for a musical accompaniment in chanting", cf. MWB. 384, 385).
(H2) m.
(H2) m.
āmara [p= 430,2] [L=81379]
" causing tumult (am°.) " , extraordinary , surprising Ma1lati1m. (-tva n. abstr.) Gi1t. xii , 23
āmara [L=81380]
surprise , sight L.
āmara [L=81381]
= am° L.
āmara [L=81382]
a lord (probably = baron , knight) Ra1jat.
āmara [L=81383]
a N. of 6 tantras (yoga- , śiva- , durgā- , sārasvata- , brahma- , gandharva-)
āmara [L=81384]
of an attendant of śiva , BrahmaP.
(H1) mfn.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
nai--edhikī [p= 570,1] [L=112395]
the obtruding one's self upon a person's notice (to prevent his surprise) HParis3.
(H3) f.
Whitney Roots links: pan
pan 1 [p= 584,1] [L=115477]
comp. before nasals = 3. pad.
pan 2 [p= 585,2] [L=115833]
pánate (pf. -papana , papné aor. 3. sg. paniṣṭa) , to be worthy of admiration or to admire (acc.) RV. : Pass. panyáte ib. : Caus. panáyati , °te , to regard with surprise or wonder , to admire , praise , acknowledge RV.  ; 
A1.) to rejoice at , be glad of (gen.) ib. ( ; paāya).
(H2) in
(H1) cl.1 A1.
praty-ava-skanda [p= 676,1] [L=134107]
( √ skand) an attack , surprise Katha1s.

next L.
(H1) m.
bhúk [p= 759,1] [L=151211]
an exclamation of surprise AV.
(H1) ind.
ví--citra [p= 950,2] [L=192994]
vi-citra [p= 959,1] [L=194817]
(ā)n. variegated , many-coloured , motley , brilliant MBh. R. &c

Mn. MBh. &c

MBh. Ka1v. &c

R. R2itus.



vi-citra [L=194825]
the aśoka tree L.
vi-citra [L=194826]
N. of a king MBh.
vi-citra [L=194827]
of a son of manu raucya or deva-sāvari Hariv. Pur.
vi-citra [L=194828]
of a heron Hit.
vi-citra [L=194830]
colocynth L.
vi-citra [L=194831]
(in music) a partic. mūrchanā Sam2gi1t.
vi-citra [L=194832]
N. of a river VP.
vi-citra [L=194833]
variegated colour , party-colour W.
vi-citra [L=194834]
wonder , surprise Gi1t.
vi-citra [L=194835]
a figure of speech (implying apparently the reverse of the meaning intended) Kuval. Prata1p.
(H3) »
(H1) mf
[L=194818]manifold , various , diverse
[L=194819]strange , wonderful , surprising
[L=194820]charming , lovely , beautiful
[L=194821]amusing , entertaining (as a story)
[L=194822]painted , coloured
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) m.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
vi-sismāpayiu [p= 1000,3] [L=202718]
(fr. Desid. of Caus. of vi-smi) wishing to astonish or surprise MBh.
vi-sismāpayiu [L=202719]
(fr. Desid. of Caus. of vi-sm) wishing to make forget HParis3.
(H1) mfn.
(H1) mfn.
vi- √ smi [p= 1002,2] [L=202985]
-smayate (mc. also P.) , to wonder , be surprised or astonished at (instr. loc. , or abl.) S3Br. &c  ; 
to be proud of (
instr.) Mn. iv , 236 : Caus. -smāyayati , or -smāpayati , °te (cf. Pa1n2. 1-3 , 68 ; vi , 1 , 57) , to astonish , surprise MBh. Ka1v. &c : Desid. of Caus. » vi-sismāpayiu.
(H1) A1.
ví--smaya [p= 953,1] [L=193712]
(for 2. » vi-smi) free from pride or arrogance BhP. S3is3.
vi-smaya 1 [p= 1002,2] [L=202986]
(for 2. » [p= 953,1]) wonder , surprise , amazement , bewilderment , perplexity (in rhet. one of the sthāyi-bhāvas q.v.) MBh. Ka1v. Das3ar.

Mn. BhP.

(H3) mfn.
(H2) m.
[L=202987]pride , arrogance
[L=202988]doubt , uncertainty
vi-smāpaka [L=202998]
(fr. Caus.) causing astonishment or surprise , wonderful Ka1v.
(H2) mfn.
vi-° smiti [L=203016]
astonishment , wonder , surprise ib.
(H3) f.
* ka [p= 1004,2] [L=203412]
sight , seeing W.
* ka [p= 1004,3] [L=203417]
surprise , astonishment W.
* ka [L=203418]
any visible object ib.
(H2) m.
(H2B) n.
(H2B) n.
* kya [L=203430]
= *kaīya L.

* kya [L=203432]
a dancer , actor L.
* kya [L=203433]
a horse L.
* kya [L=203434]
wonder , surprise , wonderful object L.
(H3) mfn.
[L=203431]astonishing , wonderful
(H3B) m.
(H3B) m.
(H3B) n.
sa-° sarpaa [p= 1120,2] [L=226984]
creeping along , gliding , sneaking Ka1d.


gen.) MBh.
(H3) n.
[L=226985]an unexpected attack , surprise ,
[L=226986]mounting , ascent of (
sa--camatkāram [p= 1130,3] [L=228922]
with astonishment or surprise Mcar. Katha1s.
(H3) ind.
* ścaryam [p= 1211,3] [L=243530]
with astonishment or surprise Hit.
(H1C) ind.
smaya [p= 1271,2] [L=257072]
» col.3.
smaya [p= 1271,3] [L=257076]
(ifc. f(ā).) smiling at anything , wonder , surprise , astonishment MBh. Bhartr2. (v.l.)

comp.) Ragh. Das3. BhP.

dharma and puṣṭi) BhP.
(H1) &c
(H2) m.
[L=257077]arrogance , conceit , pride in or at (
[L=257078]Pride (personified as the son of
[p= 1300,3] [L=263404]
(an exclamation of surprise or astonishment or horror or sorrow or hilarity or satisfaction , usually translatable by) ah! oh! alas l &c

cf. 2. hi) &c

cf. hīhī) Hariv. Bhat2t2.
(H1) ind.
[L=263404.1](also said to be so used in giving a reason or cause , and translatable by) therefore , so , because , for (
[L=263404.2](it is sometimes repeated
[p= 1305,3] [L=264467]
(a vocative particle [g. *di] used in calling to a person or in challenging) ho! hallo! &c (also expressive of surprise &c ) TS. &c &c
(H1) ind.
avida [p= 1317,2] [L=315490]
an exclamation of surprise and grief (also repeated and with bho), Mr2icch.
(H2) ind.