Pranayama-breath exercises

prā* ā* yāma [L=139709]
(also pl.) N. of the three " breath-exercises " performed during sadhyā (» pūraka , recaka , kumbhaka IW. 93 RTL. 402 MWB. 239) Kaus3. Ya1jn5. Pur.
(H3) m.

pra-ī [p= 660,2] [L=131199]
) P. A1. -ayati , °te to lead forwards , conduct , advance , promote , further RV. &c  ; 
to bring or lead to , convey (
esp. the sacrificial fire or water or soma to its place at the altar) ib.  ; 
to offer , present
Bhat2t2.  ; 
to produce , perform , execute , finish
Up. MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to do away with , remove , dispel
MBh.  ; 
to manifest affection , love , desire
MBh.  ; 
to show , represent (a drama)
Ba1lar. Prasannar.  ; 
to inflict (as punishment)
Mn. MBh. &c  ; 
to apply (as a clyster)
Car.  ; 
to establish , fix , institute , promulgate , teach
MBh. Ka1v. &c  ; 
to write , compose
Sarvad.  ; 
A1.) to draw in (the breath) S3Br. : Desid. -ninīati (!) , to wish to lead or conduct RV.
pra-ī́ [p= 660,3] [L=131264]
a leader or guide TBr.
pra-ī́ [L=131265]
guidance , furtherance , devotion (?) RV. iii , 38 , 2.
(H1) ( √
(H2) m.
(H2B) f.

aná [p= 24,1] [L=4783]
breath , respiration S3Br. ChUp.
(H2) m.

ā- √ yam [p= 148,2] [L=25764]
-yacchati and (Ved.) -yamati , to stretch , lengthen out , extend RV. AV. La1t2y. Sus3r. MBh. &c  ; 
to stretch (a bow)
to put on (an arrow
&c )  ; 
to draw near , bring hither
to fetch , procure
RV.  ; 
to keep , stop , hold in , draw back , restrain
Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. BhP. &c  ; 
to produce
Bhat2t2. : A1. -yacchate (cf. Pa1n2. 1-3 , 28 and 75) to stretch one's self or be stretched or strained  ; 
to grow long
L.  ; 
to grasp , possess
L. : Caus. -yāmayati , to bring near , draw near  ; 
to carry , fetch
RV.  ; 
to lengthen , extend
Sus3r.  ; 
to produce or make visible
to show
(H1) P.

Sanskrit Words for Breath in the Monier-Williams:

1 ana (breath) 2 anavattva (breath) 3 anavānat (breath) 4 anavānam (breath) 5 antaryāma (breath) 6 apiprāṇa (breath) 7 aprāṇa (breath) 8 abhivyan (breath) 9 alpaprāṇa (breath) 10 alpabalaprāṇa (breath) 11 asu (breath) 12 aspandāsu (breath) 13 ātman (breath) 14 ātmadā (breath) 15 ātmasani (breath) 16 ātmādhīna (breath) 17 āna (breath) 18 āśvas (breath) 19 āśvāsa (breath) 20 āśvāsaka (breath) 21 āhara (breath) 22 ucchvas (breath) 23 ucchvasana (breath) 24 ucchvasita (breath) 25 ucchvāsa (breath) 26 ucchvāsita (breath) 27 uttam (breath) 28 udan (breath) 29 unnītaśuṣma (breath) 30 upāṃśvantaryāma (breath) 31 upāṃśvāyatana (breath) 32 upāvṛt (breath) 33 ūrja (breath) 34 ūrdhvaśvāsa (breath) 35 ekaprāṇayoga (breath) 36 kaṇṭhāgata (breath) 37 kapālabhātī (breath) 38 kumbhaka (breath) 39 krathana (breath) 40 kṣudraśvāsa (breath) 41 kṣudraka (breath) 42 gatāsu (breath) 43 ghaṭa (breath) 44 ghaṭāvasthā (breath) 45 chardi (breath) 46 jagatprāṇa (breath) 47 jagadātman (breath) 48 jigatnu (breath) 49 jīva (breath) 50 jīvatha (breath) 51 tam (breath) 52 tāmi (breath) 53 tāmī (breath) 54 tṛṣṭadhūma (breath) 55 tman (breath) 56 tyaj (breath) 57 dīrghaprāṇa (breath) 58 dūr (breath) 59 dhāraṇā (breath) 60 nabhaḥprāṇa (breath) 61 nasya (breath) 62 nāriṣṭha (breath) 63 niyam (breath) 64 niruddhakaṇṭha (breath) 65 nirdhṛ (breath) 66 niśvas (breath) 67 niśvasita (breath) 68 paritam (breath) 69 parityaj (breath) 70 paryāśvas (breath) 71 pavana (breath) 72 pavanavijaya (breath) 73 piṅgalā (breath) 74 pūtinasya (breath) 75 pūtivaktra (breath) 76 pūra (breath) 77 praṇī (breath) 78 pratyāgataprāṇa (breath) 79 prapīḍ (breath) 80 praśvasitavya (breath) 81 prāṇa (breath) 82 prāṇagraha (breath) 83 prāṇacit (breath) 84 prāṇaciti (breath) 85 prāṇatejas (breath) 86 prāṇatva (breath) 87 prāṇadā (breath) 88 prāṇadṛh (breath) 89 prāṇanigraha (breath) 90 prāṇapatnī (breath) 91 prāṇaparigraha (breath) 92 prāṇapā (breath) 93 prāṇaprāśanin (breath) 94 prāṇabhakṣa (breath) 95 prāṇabhakṣam (breath) 96 prāṇabhūta (breath) 97 prāṇamaya (breath) 98 prāṇarandhra (breath) 99 prāṇarodha (breath) 100 prāṇavidyā (breath) 101 prāṇavīrya (breath) 102 prāṇasaṃyama (breath) 103 prāṇasaṃhitā (breath) 104 prānuga (breath) 105 prāṇāyāma (breath) 106 prāṇāyāmaśas (breath) 107 prāṇāyāmin (breath) 108 prāṇāvarodha (breath) 109 prāṇeśa (breath) 110 prāṇotkramana (breath) 111 prāṇotkrānti (breath) 112 bahiṣprāṇa (breath) 113 mañjuguñjatsamīra (breath) 114 manas (breath) 115 mandaprāṇa (breath) 116 mandāsu (breath) 117 marut (breath) 118 marka (breath) 119 māruta (breath) 120 mukhamāruta (breath) 121 mukhavāsa (breath) 122 mukhānila (breath) 123 mukhārcis (breath) 124 mukhocchvāsa (breath) 125 yatākṣāsumanobuddhi (breath) 126 yaṣṭiprāna (breath) 127 ric (breath) 128 reca (breath) 129 recaka (breath) 130 recana (breath) 131 laghu (breath) 132 vadanapavana (breath) 133 vasuprāṇa (breath) 134 vāgvyaya (breath) 135 vāyu (breath) 136 vāyudvāra (breath) 137 vijṛmbhikā (breath) 138 virecaka (breath) 139 viśeṣocchvasita (breath) 140 viśvas (breath) 141 visarjanīya (breath) 142 vaikharī (breath) 143 vyan (breath) 144 vyānadā (breath) 145 śīt (breath) 146 śoṣa (breath) 147 śvas (breath) 148 śvasatha (breath) 149 śvasana (breath) 150 śvasanarandhra (breath) 151 śvasanasamīraṇa (breath) 152 śvasita (breath) 153 śvāsa (breath) 154 śvāsakāsa (breath) 155 śvāsatā (breath) 156 śvāsadhāraṇa (breath) 157 śvāsarodha (breath) 158 śvāsaśeṣa (breath) 159 śvāsākula (breath) 160 śvāsānila (breath) 161 śvāsāri (breath) 162 ṣaṭkarman (breath) 163 saṃyataprāṇa (breath) 164 saṃvāsita (breath) 165 saṃvid (breath) 166 saṃsaktavadanāśvāsa (breath) 167 saṃsthā (breath) 168 saṃjñaka (breath) 169 saṇi (breath) 170 sattva (breath) 171 saprāṇa (breath) 172 samāśvas (breath) 173 samāśvāsa (breath) 174 samāśvāsana (breath) 175 samīraṇa (breath) 176 sampratiprāṇa (breath) 177 saśvāsa (breath) 178 sahitakumbhaka (breath) 179 suṣumṇā (breath) 180 suṣumnā (breath) 181 stokāvaśeṣprāṇa (breath) 182 svabhavas (breath) 183 svasvaprāṇa (breath) 184 svarasaṃgraha (breath) 185 hīna (breath) 186 hikkita (breath) 187 prāṇasaṃhita (breath) 188 mukhavāta (breath)


(H2) aná [p= 24,1] [L=4783] m. breath , respiration S3Br. ChUp.

(H3) aná--vat-tva [L=4784] n. the state of being endowed with breath or life Nir.
(H1) anavat-tva [p= 26,3] [L=5295] » √an.

(H1) án-avā* nat [p= 27,1] [L=5364] mfn. ( √ an) , not taking breath , not respiring S3Br.

(H2) an-avā* nam [L=5365] ind. without breathing between , in one breath , without interruption , uno tenore AitBr.

(H3) antar--yāmá [p= 43,3] [L=8136] m. a soma libation performed with suppression of the breath and voice VS. S3Br. &c
(H3) antar--yāma [p= 1313,1] [L=308273] (also) speaking to one's self, unheard by another, L.

(H1) api-prā́ṇa [p= 55,2] [L=10193] mf(ī)n. uttered or produced with every breath RV. i , 186 , 11.

(H1) á-prā* ṇa 1 [p= 59,2] [L=10806] m. no breath MaitrUp.
(H2) a-prā* ṇa 2 [L=10807] mfn. inanimate , lifeless AV. S3Br.

(H1) abhi-vy- √ an [p= 70,2] [L=12442]
-aniti , to breathe through , to fill with breath S3Br. ;

(aor. -ānīt) to breathe upon S3Br. Ka1t2h.


(H3) álpa--prā* ṇa [p= 95,3] [L=16864] m. (in Gr.) slight breathing or weak aspiration (the effort in uttering the vowels , the semivowels y , r , l , v , the consonants k , c , ṭ , t , p , g , j , ḍ , i , b , and the nasals , is said to be accompanied with slight aspiration , but practically alpaprā*ṇa is here equivalent to unaspirated , as opposed to mahā-prā*ṇa q.v.) Pa1n2. 1-1 , 9 Sch.
(H3B) álpa--prā* ṇa [L=16865] mfn. having short breath , not persevering , soon tired Sus3r. pronounced with slight breathing Ka1vya7d.

(H3) álpa--balaprā* ṇa [L=16867] mfn. of little strength and little breath i.e. weak and without any power of endurance N.

(H1) ásu [p= 121,1] [L=21023] m. ( √1. as) , Ved. breath , life RV. AV. &c
[L=21024] life of the spiritual world or departed spirits RV. x , 15 , 1
[L=21025] (in astron.) " respiration " , = four seconds of sidereal time or one minute of arc Su1ryas.
[L=21026] = prajñā Naigh.
[L=21027] (in later language only ásavas) the vital breaths or airs of the body , animal life AV. Mn. iii , 217 , &c
(H1B) asu [L=21028] n. grief L.
(H1B) asu [L=21029] n. (= citta) the spirit L.

(H3) aspandā* su [p= 123,1] [L=21459] mfn. having motionless or suppressed breath BhP.

(H1) ātmán [p= 135,1] [L=23455] m. (variously derived fr. an , to breathe ; at , to move ; vā , to blow ; cf. tmán) the breath RV.
[L=23456] the soul , principle of life and sensation RV. AV. &c
[L=23457] the individual soul , self , abstract individual [e.g. ātmán (Ved. loc.) dhatte , or karoti , " he places in himself " , makes his own TS. v S3Br. ; ātmanā akarot , " he did it himself " Ka1d. ; ātmanā vi- √yuj , " to lose one's life " Mn. vii , 46 ; ātman in the sg. is used as reflexive pronoun for all three persons and all three genders e.g. ātmānaṃ sā hanti , " she strikes herself " ; putram ātmanaḥ spṛṣṭvā nipetatuḥ , " they two having touched their son fell down " R. ii , 64 , 28 ; see also below s.v. ātmanā ]
[L=23463] essence , nature , character , peculiarity (often ifc. e.g. karmā*tman , &c ) RV. x , 97 , 11 , &c
[L=23464] the person or whole body considered as one and opposed to the separate members of the body VS. S3Br.
[L=23465] the body Ragh. i , 14 Ra1matUp.
[L=23466] (ifc.) " the understanding , intellect , mind " » naṣṭā*tman , mandā*°
[L=23467] the highest personal principle of life , brahma (cf. paramā*tman) AV. x , 8 , 44 VS. xxxii , 11 S3Br. xiv , &c
[L=23468] effort L.
[L=23469] (= dhṛti) firmness L.
[L=23470] the sun L.
[L=23471] fire L.
[L=23472] a son L. ; [Old Germ. a1tum ; Angl.Sax. oedhm ; Mod. Germ. Athem , Odem ; Gk. ἀϋτμήν , (?).]

(H3) ātma--dā́ [p= 135,2] [L=23527] mfn. granting breath or life RV. x , 121 , 2.

(H3) ātma--sáni [p= 135,3] [L=23629] mfn. granting the breath of life VS. xix , 48.

(H3) ātmā* dhīna [p= 136,1] [L=23656] mfn. depending on one's own will A1p. S3a1rn3g.
[L=23657] one whose existence depends on the breath or on the principle of animal life , sentient L.
(H3B) ātmā* dhīna [L=23658] m. a son L.
(H3B) ātmā* dhīna [L=23659] m. a wife's brother L. : the jester in a play L. (cf. ātma-vīra and ātmanīna.)

(H1) āná [p= 139,3] [L=24313] m. (fr. √ an) , face ([ NBD. ])
[L=24314] mouth
[L=24315] nose ([ Sa1y. ]) RV. i , 52 , 15
[L=24316] exhaling the breath through the nose T.
[L=24317] inhalation , breath inspired , breathing , blowing L.

(H1) ā- √ śvas [p= 159,2] [L=27807]
P. -śvasiti and -śvasati (Impv. 2. sg. -śvasihi and -śvasa [ MBh. vi , 490] ; impf. -aśvasīt [ Bhat2t2. ] and -aśvasat [ Katha1s. xxxiii , 129]) A1. -śvasate , to breathe , breathe again or freely ;

to take or recover breath , take heart or courage ;

to revive MBh. R. Katha1s. BhP. &c : Caus. -śvāsayati , to cause to take breath ;

to encourage , comfort ;

to calm , console , cheer up MBh. Sus3r. Ragh. Kum. &c


(H2) ā-śvāsa [L=27809] m. breathing again or freely , taking breath
[L=27810] recovery Sus3r.
[L=27811] cheering up , consolation
[L=27812] relying on Katha1s.
[L=27813] a chapter or section of a book Sa1h.

(H2) ā-śvāsaka [L=27814] mfn. causing to take breath or courage , consolatory , comforting L.

(H1) ā-hara [p= 162,2] [L=28320] &c » ā- √hṛ.
(H2) ā-hara 1 [p= 162,3] [L=28378] mfn. ifc. bringing , fetching Ragh.
(H2B) ā-hara 1 [L=28379] m. taking , seizing
(H2B) ā-hara 1 [L=28380] m. accomplishing , offering (a sacrifice) MBh. Ka1d.
(H2B) ā-hara 1 [L=28381] m. drawing in breath , inhaling
(H2B) ā-hara 1 [L=28382] m. inhaled air
(H2B) ā-hara 1 [L=28383] m. breath inspired , inspiration L.
(H2) ā-hara 2 [L=28384] (2. sg. Impv. forming irregular tatpuruṣa compounds with the following words) :

(H1) uc-chvas [p= 174,2] [L=30492]
(ud- √śvas) P. A1. -chvasiti (p. -chvasat , -chvasamāna ; Pot. -chvaset , -chvasīta) to breathe hard , snort ;

to take a deep breath , breathe ;

to breathe again , get breath , recover , rest Gobh. MBh. BhP. Sus3r. Ma1rkP. S3vetUp. &c ;

to sigh , pant , respire Bhat2t2. ;

to rise Vikr. ;

to unfasten one's self BhP. ;

to open , begin to bloom Vikr. Ma1lav. ;

to heave: Caus. -chvāsayati , to cause to breathe again or recover ;

to gladden BhP. ;

to raise , lift , elevate ;

to untie (cf. uc-chvāsita below) .


(H2) uc-chvasana [L=30495] n. breathing , taking breath
[L=30496] sighing
[L=30497] swelling up Comm. on Ba1dar.
(H2) uc-chvasana [p= 1321,2] [L=322040] n. becoming loose (as a girdle), Ma1lati1m.

(H2) uc-chvasita [p= 174,2] [L=30498] mfn. heaving , beating , breathed , inspired
[L=30499] recovered , calm
[L=30500] revived , refreshed , gladdened Kum. Ma1lav. Katha1s. Ragh. &c
[L=30501] heaving , swelling up , raised , lifted Ragh. Katha1s. Megh. &c
[L=30502] expanded , burst , unfastened , untied
[L=30503] blooming BhP. Ma1lati1m.
(H2B) uc-chvasita [L=30504] n. breathing out , respiration
(H2B) uc-chvasita [L=30505] n. exhalation
(H2B) uc-chvasita [L=30506] n. breath
(H2B) uc-chvasita [L=30507] n. throbbing , sighing Sa1h. Ragh. Kum. S3ak.
(H2B) uc-chvasita [L=30508] n. bursting
(H2B) uc-chvasita [L=30509] n. unfastening , untying Megh. Ragh.

(H2) uc-chvāsá [L=30510] m. breathing out
[L=30511] breath , deep inspiration Ka1tyS3r. Sus3r. S3ak. Prab. &c
[L=30512] expiration , death Ka1tyS3r.
[L=30513] sigh MBh. Megh. Amar.
[L=30514] froth , yeast , foam RV. ix , 86 , 43
[L=30515] swelling up , rising , increasing
[L=30516] consolation , encouragement W.
[L=30517] pause in a narration , division of a book (e.g. of the daśakumāra-carita)
[L=30518] an air-hole L.

(H2) uc-chvāsita [L=30519] mfn. caused to recover , gladdened R2itus. Katha1s.
[L=30520] raised , lifted up R. Megh.
[L=30521] unfastened , untied , loosened , released Megh.
[L=30522] breathless , out of breath
[L=30523] much , excessive L.
[L=30524] desisted from
[L=30525] disjointed , divided L.

(H1) ut- √ tam [p= 177,3] [L=31075]
(ud- √tam) P. -tāmyati , to be out of breath or exhausted ;

to lose heart , faint R. Ra1jat. Das3.


(H2) udán [p= 183,3] [L=32229] (for 2. » s.v.) n. Ved. (defective in the strong cases Pa1n2. 6-1 , 63) a wave , water RV. AV. TS. Ka1t2h.
(H1) ud- √ an 2 [p= 184,2] [L=32327]
(for 1. » [p= 183,3]) P. -aniti (and āniti Br2A1rUp. iii , 4 , 1 ; cf. vy- √an ; p. -anát S3Br. ; aor. 3. pl. -āniṣus AV. iii , 13 , 4) to breathe upwards , emit the breath in an upward direction ;

to breathe out , breathe AV. S3Br. Br2A1rUp.


(H3) ún-nīta--śuṣma [p= 193,2] [L=33859] (únnīta°) mfn. one whose breath goes upwards MaitrS. i , 1 , 11.

(H3) upāṃśv-antaryāmá [p= 212,3] [L=36555] m. du. N. of two particular ladles-full of soma (offered with the breath held and inaudible) S3Br. iv.

(H3) upāṃśv-ā́yatana [L=36556] mfn. having a silent abode , kept inaudible (as the breath) S3Br. x.

(H1) upā* - √ vṛt 1 [p= 214,3] [L=36816]
A1. (rarely P.) -vartate , -ti (Impv. 2. pl. -vavṛdhvam [for -vavṛddhvam] RV. ) to turn towards , go towards , approach , stand by the side of RV. viii , 20 , 18 TS. TBr. S3Br. AitBr. MBh. &c ;

to apply one's self to , approach for protection MBh. BhP. ;

to fall to one's share MBh. BhP. ;

to return , come back MBh. R. S3ak. &c : Caus. P. -vartayati , to cause to turn or go towards S3Br. Ka1tyS3r. ;

to lead near or back , bring back MBh. R. Das3. ;

to draw back , divert , cause to desist from Sus3r. MBh. ;

to cause to get breath (e.g. horses) MBh. vii.

(H2) upā* -vṛ́t 2 [L=36819] f. return AV. vi , 77 , 3 VS. xii , 8.

(H2) ūrjá [p= 221,3] [L=38041] mfn. strong , powerful , eminent BhP. S3is3.
[L=38042] invigorating , strengthening
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38043] m. N. of a month (= kārttika) TS. i VS. S3Br. Sus3r. i , 19 , 9 BhP. &c
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38044] m. power , strength , vigour , sap MBh. Mn. ii , 55 BhP. &c
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38045] m. life , breath L.
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38046] m. effort , exertion L.
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38047] m. N. of several men
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38049] m. N. of a daughter of dakṣa and wife of vasiṣṭha VP. BhP.
(H2B) ūrjá [L=38050] n. water L.

(H3) ūrdhvá--śvāsa [p= 222,3] [L=38258] m. " breathing above " , shortness of breath , a kind of asthma Sus3r. Bhpr.

(H3) éka--prāṇa-yoga [p= 228,3] [L=39466] m. union (of sounds) in one breath Vpra1t.

(H3) kaṇṭhā* gata [p= 245,3] [L=42522] mfn. come to the throat (as the breath or soul of a dying person) W.

(H3) kapā́la--bhātī [p= 250,2] [L=43402] f. a particular sort of penance (consisting in alternate suppression and emission of the breath).

(H2) kumbhaka [p= 293,2] [L=52579] m. ifc. a pot Katha1s.
[L=52580] a measure (of grain , &c ) Jyot.
[L=52581] the prominence on the upper part of an elephant's forehead MBh. xii , 4280
(H2B) kumbhaka [L=52582] mn. stopping the breath by shutting the mouth and closing the nostrils with the fingers of the right hand (a religious exercise) BhP. Veda7ntas. Sarvad. &c
(H2B) kumbhaka [L=52583] m. the base of a column Buddh.
(H2B) kumbhaka [L=52584] m. N. of an attendant of skanda MBh. ix , 2577

(H2) krathana [p= 319,2] [L=57718] mfn. one who is in danger of suffocation Car.
(H2B) krathana [L=57719] m. N. of an asura MBh. i Hariv. 12696
(H2B) krathana [L=57720] m. of a nāga (son of dhṛta-rāṣṭra) MBh. i , 4550
(H2B) krathana [L=57721] m. of a monkey R. iv , v , vi
(H2B) krathana [L=57722] n. cutting through (as with an ax) Prab.
(H2B) krathana [L=57723] n. slaughter , killing L.
(H2B) krathana [L=57724] n. sudden interruption of breath Sus3r.

(H3) kṣudrá--śvāsa [p= 331,1] [L=60002] m. short breath Sus3r.

(H2) kṣudraka [L=60040] mfn. small , minute Mn. viii , 297
[L=60041] short (as the breath) Sus3r.
(H2B) kṣudraka [L=60042] m. N. of a prince (son of prasenajit) BhP. ix , 12 , 14 VP. (v.l. kṣudra-baka)
(H2B) kṣudraka [L=60043] m. pl. N. of a people living by warfare (the *᾿οξυδρακοι) MBh. ii , 1871 ; vi , 2106 Pa1n2. 5-3 , 114 Ka1s3.
(H2B) kṣudraka [L=60045] m. small bells employed for ornament (cf. kṣudra-ghaṇṭikā) L.
(H2B) kṣudraka [L=60046] n. N. of a collection of Buddhist works.

(H3) gatā́* su [p= 347,3] [L=63521] mfn. one whose breath has gone , expired , dead RV. x , 18 , 8 AV. S3Br. &c

(H2) ghaṭa [p= 375,1] [L=69220] mfn. intently occupied or busy with (loc.) Pa1n2. 5-2 , 35
[L=69221] = ghaṭā yasyā*sti g. arśa-ādi
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69222] m. a jar , pitcher , jug , large earthen water-jar , watering-pot Mn. viii , xi Ya1jn5. iii , 144 Amr2itUp. MBh. &c
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69223] m. the sign Aquarius VarBr2S.
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69224] m. a measure = 1 droṇa (or = 20 droṇas W. ) Asht2a7n3g. v , 6 , 28 S3a1rn3gS. i , 28
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69225] m. the head MBh. i , 155 , 38 Sch.
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69226] m. a part of a column VarBr2S. liii , 29
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69227] m. a peculiar form of a temple , lvi , 18 and 26
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69228] m. an elephant's frontal sinus L.
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69229] m. a border L.
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69230] m. (= kumbhá) suspending the breath as a religious exercise L.
(H2B) ghaṭa [L=69231] m. (along with karpara cf. -karpara) N. of a thief Katha1s. lxiv , 43

(H3) ghaṭā* vasthā [p= 375,2] [L=69272] f. (probably) = ghaṭa , suspending the breath as a religious austerity Hat2hapr. iv , 35 f.

(H2) chardi [p= 407,2] [L=76113] f. vomiting , sickness Ka1tyS3r. xxv , 11 Gaut. Sus3r. VarBr2S. xxxii , 18
[L=76114] expulsion (of the breath) KapS. iii , 33.

(H3) jágat--prā* ṇa [p= 408,1] [L=76263] m. " world-breath " , wind L.
[L=76264] rāma Ra1matUp. i , 3 , 2.

(H3) jagad--ātman [L=76307] m. " world-breath " , wind R. vi , 82 , 153
[p= 408,2] [L=76308] " world-soul " , the Supreme Spirit , W

(H1) jigatnú [p= 420,3] [L=79255] mfn. ( √ gam redupl.) going quickly , fleet RV. vii , lx f.
(H1B) jigatnú [L=79256] m. breath Un2. iii , 31÷32

(H2) jīvá [p= 422,2] [L=79623] mf(ā́)n. living , existing , alive RV. &c
[L=79624] healthy (blood) Car. viii , 6 , 74
[L=79625] mfn. ifc. living by (» jala-cara- , rūpa-)
[L=79626] causing to live , vivifying (» putra- , -jala)
(H2B) jīvá [L=79627] m. n. any living being , anything living RV. &c
(H2B) jīvá [L=79628] m. life , existence MBh. iv , vi Hariv. &c (ifc. f(ā). Katha1s. )
(H2B) jīvá [L=79629] m. the principle of life , vital breath , the living or personal soul (as distinguished from the universal soul » jīvā*tman) RV. i , 164 , 30 ChUp. S3vetUp. Pras3nUp. Mn. &c
(H2B) jīvá [L=79630] m. N. of a plant L.
(H2B) jīvá [L=79631] m. bṛhaspati (regent of Jupiter) VarBr2S. Laghuj. Su1ryas. Ka1s3i1Kh.
(H2B) jīvá [L=79632] m. the 3rd lustrum in the 60 years' bṛhaspati cycle VarBr2S. viii , 26
(H2B) jīvá [L=79633] m. N. of one of the 8 maruts Ya1jn5. ii , 102÷103 39
(H2B) jīvá [L=79634] m. karṇa L.
(H2B) jīvá [p= 422,3] [L=79635] n. N. of a metre RPra1t. xvii , 4
(H2B) jīvá [L=79637] n. the earth L.
(H2B) jīvá [L=79638] n. a bow-string L.
(H2B) jīvá [L=79639] n. (in geom. = jyā) the chord of an arc
(H2B) jīvá [L=79640] n. the sine of an arc Su1ryas. ii , 57 (cf. tri- , tri-bha , dṛg-gati- , lamba- and śaṅku-jīvā)
(H2B) jīvá [L=79641] n. N. of a plant (jīvantī or vacā L. ) VarBr2S. iii , 39
(H2B) jīvá [L=79642] n. the tinkling of ornaments L.
(H2B) jīvá [L=79643] n. pl. N. of a particular formula Kaus3. Vait.
(H2B) jīvá [L=79644] n. cf. ati- , upa- and saṃ-jīvá
(H2B) jīvá [L=79645] n. a-,kumāra-,ciraṃ-,jagaj-,dur-,nir-,pāpa-,bandhu-,sa-,su-
(H2B) jīvá [L=79646] n. khṣudra-jivā,yāvaj-jīvam
(H2B) jīvá [L=79647] n. ([cf. bíos ; Lat. vivus ; Lith. gīvas ; Goth. qvius ; Eng. quick ; Hib. beo.])
(H2) jīva [p= 1327,3] [L=331960] m. (also) N. of a famous physician, Buddh.

(H2) jīvatha [p= 423,1] [L=79810] mfn. long-lived Un2. iii , 112 Sch.
[L=79811] virtuous L.
(H2B) jīvatha [L=79812] m. life , breath L.
(H2B) jīvatha [L=79813] m. a tortoise L.
(H2B) jīvatha [L=79814] m. a peacock L.
(H2B) jīvatha [L=79815] m. a cloud L.
(H2B) jīvatha [L=79816] m. virtue W.

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 26.93
Whitney Roots links: tam
(H1) tam [p= 438,1] [L=82867]
cl.4. tā́myati ( Pa1n2. 7-3 , 74 ; rarely A1. R. ii , 63 , 46 Gi1t. v , 16 ; pf. tatāma S3Br. iv ; aor. Pass. atami Pa1n2. 7-3 , 34 Ka1s3. ; Ved. inf. támitos , with ā́ preceding , " till exhaustion " TBr. i , 4 , 4 , 2 Ta1n2d2yaBr. xii La1t2y. A1p. ; pf. Pass. p. -tāntá q.v.) to gasp for breath (as one suffocating) , choke , be suffocated , faint away , be exhausted , perish , be distressed or disturbed or perplexed RV. ii , 30 , 7 (ná mā tamat [aor. subj.] " may I not be exhausted ") Ka1t2h. TBr. &c ;

to stop (as breath) , become immovable or stiff Sus3r. Ma1lati1m. Amar. Ra1jat. v , 344 ;

to desire (cf. 2. °ma , °mata) Dha1tup. xxvi , 93 : Caus. tamáyati (aor. Pass. atāmi Pa1n2. 6-4 , 93 Ka1s3. ) to suffocate , deprive of breath S3Br. iii , 3 , 2 , 19 and 8 , 1 , 15 Ka1tyS3r. vi , 5 , 18 ;

cf. á-tameru.


(H2) tāmi [p= 443,1] [L=84025] f. restraining the breath until exhaustion is produced Kaus3. 88.

(H1B) tāmī [p= 442,3] [L=83985] f. = tamī , night L. Sch.
(H3) tā° mī [p= 443,1] [L=84026] f. restraining the breath until exhaustion is produced Kaus3. 88.

(H3) tṛṣṭá--dhūma [p= 454,1] [L=86799] (°ṭá-) mfn. having pungent breath (a snake) , xix , 47 and 50.

(H1) tmán [p= 456,3] [L=87332] m. (= ātmán) the vital breath RV. i , 63 , 8 (acc. tmánam) A1s3vS3r. vi , 9 , 1 (acc. tmānam)
[L=87332.1] one's own person , self RV. ;'tman after e , or o for ātman Kat2hUp. iii , 12 MBh. i-iii BhP. vii , 9 , 32
(H1B) tmán [L=87332.3] ind. utá tmánā or tmánāca " and also , and certainly " , iva or ná tmánā " just as " , ádha tmánā , " and even " RV.

Whitney Roots links: tyaj
(H1) tyaj 1 [L=87337]
cl.1. °jati (metrically also °te ; pf. Ved. tityā́ja , Class. tat° Pa1n2. 6-1 , 36 ; tatyaja BhP. iii , 4 ; fut. tyakṣyati Pa1n2. 7-2 , 10 Ka1r. ; tyajiṣy° R. ii , vii Ma1rkP. ; aor. atyāhṣīt ; inf. tyaktum) to leave , abandon , quit RV. x , 71 , 6 Mn. MBh. &c ;

to leave a place , go away from Mn. vi , 77 MBh. &c ;

to let go , dismiss , discharge VarBr2S. xvii , 22 Bhat2t2. ;

to give up , surrender , resign , part from , renounce I1s3Up. 1 Mn. MBh. &c (tanum or deham or kalevaram , " to abandon the body , die " Mn. vi MBh. &c ; prāṇān or śvāsam or jīvitam , " to give up breath or life , risk or lose one's life " MBh. R. &c ) ;

P. A1. to shun , avoid , get rid of , free one's self from (any passion &c ) MBh. &c ;

to give away , distribute , offer (as a sacrifice or oblation to a deity ; tyajate etymologically = σέβεται) Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c ;

to set aside , leave unnoticed , disregard S3a1n3khS3r. Mn. iii MBh. i , 3098 Hit. ii , 3 , 30 ;

(ind.p. tyaktvā) to except VarBr2S. Caurap. Sch. ;

Pass. tyajyate , to be abandoned by , get rid of (instr.) Pan5cat. i , 10 , 0÷1 : Caus. tyājayati (aor. atityajat Bhat2t2. ) to cause anyone to quit MBh. xiii , 288 ;

to cause anyone to give up Katha1s. lxxxiii , 34 ;

to expel , turn out , xx , 126 ;

to cause any one to lose , deprive of (instr.) Bhat2t2. xv , 120 ;

to empty the body by evacuations Bhpr. : Desid. tityakṣati , to be about to lose (one's life , prāṇān) Car. v , 10 and 12.

(H2) tyaj 2 [L=87354] mfn. ifc. leaving , abandoning W.
[L=87355] giving up , offering BhP. viii Ra1jat. iv
[L=87356] cf. tanu- , tanū- , su-.

(H3) dīrghá--prā* ṇa [p= 482,2] [L=93126] mfn. having long breath A1pS3r. vi , 20 , 2.

(H1) dūr [p= 489,2] [L=94894] N. of the prā*ṇa or vital breath regarded as a deity S3Br.

(H2) dhāraṇā [p= 515,2] [L=100975] f. (cf. °ṇa , col.1) the act of holding , bearing , wearing , supporting , maintaining MBh. R.
[L=100976] retaining , keeping back (also in remembrance) , a good memory Kat2hUp. Gr2S. MBh. BhP.
[L=100977] collection or concentration of the mind (joined with the retention of breath) Mn. MBh. Sus3r. Ka1v. Pur. &c
[L=100978] cf. MWB. 239 (°ṇāṃ- √dhṛ , to exercise concentration Ya1jn5. ; °ṇāṃ gataḥ , having composed one's self R. )
[L=100979] understanding , intellect Ya1jn5. iii , 73
[L=100980] firmness , steadfastness , righteousness L.
[L=100981] fixed preceptor settled rule , certainty Mn. MBh.
[L=100982] pl. the 8th to the 11th day in the light half of month jyaiṣṭha Var.

(H3) nabhaḥ--prā* ṇa [p= 527,3] [L=103719] m. " sky-breath " , air , wind L.

(H2) násya [p= 532,2] [L=104844] mfn. belonging to or being in the nose (as breath) S3Br.
(H2B) násya [L=104847] n. the hairs in the nose VS.
(H2B) násya [L=104848] n. a sternutatory , errhine MBh. R. Sus3r.

(H3) nā́ri--ṣṭhá [p= 537,1] [L=105996] m. du. " the fire of digestion and the wind of breath " TS.

(H1) ni- √ yam [p= 552,1] [p= 551,3] [L=109120]
P. -yacchati , to stop (trans.) , hold back , detain with (loc.) ;

(A1.) to stop (intrans.) , stay , remain RV. ;

to keep back , refuse ;

(A1.) to fail , be wanting ib. ;

to fasten , tie to (loc.) , bind up (hair &c ) ib. &c ;

to hold over , extend (śarma) AV. ;

to hold downwards (the hand) TS. ;

to bring near , procure , bestow , grant , offer , present (rain , gifts &c ) RV. AV. Br. &c ;

to hold in , keep down , restrain , control , govern , regulate (as breath , the voice , the organs of sense &c ) Mn. MBh. &c ;

to suppress or conceal (one's nature) Mn. x , 59 ;

to destroy , annihilate (opp. to √ sṛj) BhP. ;

to restrict (food &c ; cf. below) ;

to fix upon , settle , determine , establish Sarvad. Katha1s. BhP. Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3 , 66 ;

(in gram.) to lower , pronounce low i.e. with the anudātta RPra1t. : Caus. -yamayati , to restrain , curb , check , suppress , restrict MBh. Ka1v. &c


(H4) ni-° ruddha---kaṇṭha [p= 554,1] [L=109417] mfn. having the breath obstructed , suffocated MW.

(H1) nir- √ dhṛ [p= 555,3] [L=109675]
(only Pass. aor. -adhāri S3is3. ix , 20) , to settle , ascertain: Caus. -dhārayati , to hold back (the breath) VPra1t. Sch. ;

to take or pick out , particularize (determine Pass. pres. p. -dhāryamāṇa) Pa1n2. 2-3 , 42 Sch.: Desid. of Caus. -didhārayiṣati , to wish to ascertain or define S3am2k.


(H1) ni- √ śvas [p= 561,2] [L=110647]
P. -śvasiti , ep. also °sati (pf. -śaśvāsa aor. or impf. ny-aśvasat MBh. ; °śvasīt Das3. ; ind.p. -śvasya) , to draw in the breath , inspire ;

to hiss , snort &c MBh. Ka1v. &c (often v.l. nih-śv°).


(H3) ni-° śvasita [L=110648] (ní-) n. breath , expiration or inspiration S3Br. S3is3.

(H1) pari- √ tam [p= 595,1] [L=117641] P. -tāmyati , to gasp for breath , be oppressed Sus3r.

(H1) pari- √ tyaj [p= 595,2] [L=117678]
P. -tyajati (°te R. Ma1rkP. ; ind.p. -tyajya) , to leave , quit , abandon , give up , reject , disregard , not heed Mn. MBh. &c ;

(with deham) to forsake the body i.e. die BhP. ;

(with prā*ṇān , or jīvitam) to resign the breath , give up the ghost Mn. MBh. Das3. Vet. ;

(with nāvam) to disembark MW. : Pass. -tyajyate , to be deprived or bereft of (instr.) Mn. Pan5c. Hit. &c : Caus. -tyājayati , to deprive or rob a person of (2 acc.) R.

(H3) pari-tyaj [L=117685] mfn. id. MBh.

(H1) pary-ā- √ śvas [p= 608,2] [L=119841] P. -śvasili , or -śvasati , to breathe out , recover breath , take heart , be at ease MBh. R. : Caus. -śvāsayati , °te , to comfort , console MBh.

(H2) pávana [p= 610,3] [L=120356] m. " purifier " , wind or the god of wind , breeze , air (ifc. f(ā).) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=120357] vital air , breath Sus3r. Sarvad.
[L=120358] the regent of the nakṣatra svāti and the north-west region Var.
[L=120359] N. of the number 5 (from the 5 vital airs) ib.
[L=120360] a householder's sacred fire Ha1r.
[L=120361] a species of grass L.
[L=120362] N. of a son of manu uttama BhP.
[L=120363] of a mountain ib.
[L=120364] of a country in bharata-kṣetra W.
(H2B) pávana [L=120368] n. or m. purification , winnowing of corn L.
(H2B) pávana [L=120369] n. a potter's kiln , S3r2in3ga1r.
(H2B) pávana [L=120370] n. an instrument for purifying grain &c , sieve , strainer AV. A1s3vGr2.
(H2B) pávana [L=120371] n. blowing Kan2.
(H2B) pávana [L=120372] n. water L.
(H2B) pávana [L=120373] mfn. clean , pure L.

(H3) pávana--vijaya [L=120389] m. " victory over the wind or breath " , N. of sev. Tantric works.

(H2B) piṅgalā́ [p= 625,1] [L=123627] f. a species of bird L.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123628] f. a kind of owl Var.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123629] f. Dalbergia Sissoo L.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123630] f. = karṇikā L.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123631] f. a kind of brass L.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123632] f. a partic. vessel of the body (the right of 3 tubular vessels which according to the yoga philosophy are the chief passages of breath and air ; cf. ChUp. viii , 6 , 1)
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123633] f. a kind of yellow pigment (= go-rocanā) L.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123634] f. N. of lakṣmī Gal.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123635] f. of a courtezan who became remarkable for her piety MBh.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123636] f. of the female elephant of the South quarter L.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123637] f. of an astrological house or period W.
(H2B) piṅgalā́ [L=123638] f. heart-pea W.

(H3) pū́ti--nasya [p= 641,3] [L=127499] n. a disease of the nose causing offensive breath Sus3r. (w.r. pūta-n°).

(H3) pū́ti--vaktra [L=127515] mfn. " fetid-mouthed " , one who has offensive breath Ya1jn5.

(H1) pūra [L=127548] mfn. ( √ pṝ , Caus.) filling , making full (cf. pāṇi-)
[L=127549] fulfilling , satisfying (cf. kāma-)
(H1B) pūra [L=127550] m. the act of filling , fulfilling &c Ka1v. Pur.
(H1B) pūra [p= 642,1] [L=127551] m. the swelling or rising of a river or of the sea , a large quantity of water , flood , stream (also met. = abundance , high degree , esp. ifc.) Ka1v. Sus3r. &c
(H1B) pūra [L=127552] m. a cake R. (cf. ghṛta-)
(H1B) pūra [L=127553] m. a kind of breath-exercise = pūraka below BhP.
(H1B) pūra [L=127554] m. the cleansing of a wound L. (cf. pūraṇa)
(H1B) pūra [L=127555] m. the citron tree (= bīja-pūra) L.
(H1B) pūra [L=127557] n. a kind of incense L.
(H1B) pūra [L=127558] n. bdellium L.
(H1B) pūra [L=127559] mf(ā)n. a sort of unleavened cake fried with ghee or oil W. (cf. pūrikā below) .

(H1) pra-ṇī [p= 660,2] [L=131199]
( √nī) P. A1. -ṇayati , °te to lead forwards , conduct , advance , promote , further RV. &c ;

to bring or lead to , convey (esp. the sacrificial fire or water or soma to its place at the altar) ib. ;

to offer , present Bhat2t2. ;

to produce , perform , execute , finish Up. MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to do away with , remove , dispel MBh. ;

to manifest affection , love , desire MBh. ;

to show , represent (a drama) Ba1lar. Prasannar. ;

to inflict (as punishment) Mn. MBh. &c ;

to apply (as a clyster) Car. ;

to establish , fix , institute , promulgate , teach MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to write , compose Sarvad. ;

(A1.) to draw in (the breath) S3Br. : Desid. -ninīṣati (!) , to wish to lead or conduct RV.

(H2) pra-ṇī́ [p= 660,3] [L=131264] m. a leader or guide TBr.
(H2B) pra-ṇī́ [L=131265] f. guidance , furtherance , devotion (?) RV. iii , 38 , 2.

(H4) praty-° āgata---prā* ṇa [p= 676,3] [L=134173] mfn. one who has recovered his breath or life MBh.

(H1) pra- √ pīḍ [p= 682,3] [L=135199]
P. -pīḍayati , to press , squeeze S3Br. MBh. Sus3r. ;

to suppress (the breath) ChUp. ;

to afflict , torment , harass MBh. Ka1v. &c


(H3) pra-śvasitavya [p= 696,1] [L=137709] n. (impers.) recovery of breath i.e. recreation should be procured for (gen.) or by (instr.) or through or by means of (instr.) TUp.

(H2) prāṇa 1 [p= 701,3] [L=138763] mfn. (for 2. » [p= 705,1].) filled , full L.
(H2) prā* ṇá 2 [p= 705,1] [L=139500] m. (ifc. f(ā). ; for 1. » under √ prā , p.701) the breath of life , breath , respiration spirit vitality
[L=139501] life RV. &c (prā*ṇān with √ muc or √ hā or pari- √ tyaj , " to resign or quit life " ; with √ rakṣ , " to save life " ; with ni- √han , " to destroy life " ; tvam me prā*ṇaḥ , " thou art to me as dear as life " ; often ifc. ; cf. pati- , mā*na-pr°)
[L=139502] a vital organ vital air (3 in number , viz. prā*ṇa , apā*na and vyāna AitBr. TUp. Sus3r. ; usually 5 , viz. the preceding with sam-āna and , ud-āna S3Br. MBh. Sus3r. &c cf. MWB. 242 ; or with the other vital organs 6 S3Br. ; or 7 AV. Br. Mun2d2Up. ; or 9 AV. TS. Br. ; or 10 S3Br. ; pl. the 5 organs of vitality or sensation , viz. prā*ṇa , vāc , cakṣus , śrotra , manas , collectively ChUp. ii , 7 , i ; or = nose , mouth , eyes and ears GopBr. S3rS. Mn. iv , 143)
[p= 705,2] [L=139503] air inhaled , wind AV. S3Br.
[L=139504] breath (as a sign of strength), vigour , energy , power MBh. R. &c (sarvaprā*ṇena or -prā*ṇaiḥ , " with all one's strength " or " all one's heart " ; cf. yathā-prā*ṇam)
[L=139505] a breath (as a measure of time , or the time requisite for the pronunciation of 10 long syllables = 1÷6 vināḍikā) Var. A1ryabh. VP.
[L=139506] N. of a kalpa (the 6th day in the light half of brahmā's month) Pur.
[L=139507] (in sāṃkhya) the spirit (= puruṣa) Tattvas.
[L=139508] (in vedānta) the spirit identified with the totality of dreaming spirits Veda7ntas. RTL. 35 (cf. prāṇā*tman)
[L=139509] poetical inspiration W.
[L=139510] myrrh L.
[L=139511] a N. of the letter y Up.
[L=139512] of a sāman Ta1n2d2Br. (vasiṣṭhasya prā*ṇā*pā*nau A1rshBr. )
[L=139513] of brahmā L.
[L=139514] of viṣṇu RTL. 106
[L=139515] of a vasu BhP.
[L=139516] of a son of the vasu dhara Hariv.
[L=139517] of a marut Ya1jn5. Sch.
[L=139518] of a son of dhātṛ Pur.
[L=139519] of a son of vidhātṛ BhP.
[L=139520] of a ṛṣi in the 2nd manv-antara Hariv.
(H2) prā* ṇa [p= 1330,3] [L=337000] (in comp.)

(H3) prā* ṇá--grahá [p= 705,2] [L=139526] m. " breath-catcher " , the nose , A.
[L=139527] pl. N. of partic. soma vessels TS.

(H3) prā* ṇá--cít [L=139531] mfn. forming a deposit of breath S3Br.

(H3) prā* ṇá--cití [L=139532] f. a mass or deposit of breath ib.

(H3) prā* ṇá--tejas [L=139536] (°ṇá-) mfn. whose splendour or glory is life or breath S3Br.

(H3) prā* ṇá--tvá [L=139541] n. the state of breath or life S3Br. Kap.

(H3B) prā* ṇá--dā́ [L=139546] f. Terminalia Chebula L.
(H3) prā* ṇá--dā́ [L=139556] mfn. giving breath VS.

(H3) prā* ṇá--dṛh [L=139563] mfn. (nom. -dhṛk) sustaining or prolonging the breath Ka1t2h.

(H3) prā* ṇá--nigráha [L=139582] m. restraint of breath Veda7ntas.

(H3) prā* ṇá--patnī [L=139588] f. " breath-wife " , the voice Shad2vBr.

(H3) prā* ṇá--parigraha [L=139591] m. possession of breath or life , existence Amar.

(H3) prā* ṇá--pā́ [L=139594] mfn. protecting breath or life VS.

(H3) prā* ṇá--prā* śanin [p= 705,3] [L=139603] mfn. feeding only on breath (i.e. on the mere smell of food or drink) , Pracan2d2.

(H3) prā* ṇá--bhakṣa [L=139609] m. feeding only on breath or air (cf. -prā*śanin) S3rS.

(H4) prā* ṇá--bhakṣam [L=139610] ind. while feeding only on breath or air Ka1tyS3r.

(H3) prā* ṇá--bhūta [L=139615] mfn. being the breath of life R2itus.

(H3) prā* ṇá--máya [L=139621] mf(ī)n. consisting of vigorous air or breath S3Br.

(H3) prā* ṇá--randhra [L=139633] n. " breath-aperture " , the mouth or a nostril BhP.

(H3) prā* ṇá--rodha [L=139635] m. suppression of breath BhP.
[L=139636] N. of a partic. hell ib.

(H3) prā* ṇá--vidyā [L=139642] f. the science of breath or vital airs Col.

(H3) prā* ṇá--vīrya [L=139645] n. strength of breath , Ta1n2d2Br.

(H3) prā* ṇá--saṃyama [L=139652] m. suppression or suspension of breath (as a religious exercise) Ya1jn5.

(H3) prā* ṇá--saṃhitā [L=139657] f. a manner of reciting the Vedic texts , pronouncing as many sounds as possible during one breath VPra1t. Sch.

(H3) prā* nuga [p= 706,1] [L=139694] mfn. following a person's breath i.e. following him (acc.) unto death Hit.

(H3) prā* ṇā* yāma [L=139709] m. (also pl.) N. of the three " breath-exercises " performed during saṃdhyā (» pūraka , recaka , kumbhaka IW. 93 RTL. 402 MWB. 239) Kaus3. Ya1jn5. Pur.

(H4) prā* ṇā* yāma---śas [L=139710] ind. with frequent breath-exercises A1past.

(H4) prā* ṇā* yā° min [L=139711] mfn. exercising the breath (in 3 ways) Ya1jn5.

(H3) prā* ṇā* varodha [L=139715] m. suppression of breath Mr2icch.

(H3) prā* ṇe* śa [L=139718] m. " lord of life " , a husband Sa1h.
[L=139719] " lord of breath " , N. of a marut Ya1jn5. Sch.

(H3) prā* ṇo* tkramana [L=139726] n. ( MW. ) ( Katha1s. ) " breath-departure " , death.

(H3) prā*° ṇo* tkrānti [L=139727] f. ( Katha1s. ) " breath-departure " , death.

(H3) bahiṣ--prā* ṇa [p= 727,1] [L=144211] m. external breath or life , anything near the heart or as dear as life R.
[p= 727,2] [L=144212] money BhP.
(H3B) bahíṣ--prā* ṇa [L=144213] mfn. one whose breath or life is outside TS.

(H3) mañju--guñjat-samīra [p= 774,1] [L=154492] mfn. exhaling a sweet-sounding breeze or breath , S3a1ntis3.

(H2) mánas [p= 783,3] [L=156776] n. mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers) , intellect , intelligence , understanding , perception , sense , conscience , will RV. &c &c (in phil. the internal organ or antaḥ-karaṇa of perception and cognition , the faculty or instrument through which thoughts enter or by which objects of sense affect the soul IW. 53 ; in this sense manas is always is always regarded as distinct from ātman and puruṣa , " spirit or soul " and belonging only to the body , like which it is - except in the nyāya - considered perishable ; as to its position in the various systems » for nyāya and vaiśeṣika IW. 63 ; 67 ; 76 , for sāṃkhya and vedā*nta ib. 84 ; 109 ; 117 ; in RV. it is sometimes joined with hṛd or hṛdaya , the heart Mn. vii , 6 with cakṣus , the eye)
[L=156777] the spirit or spiritual principle , the breath or living soul which escapes from the body at death (called asu in animals ; cf. above ) ib.
[p= 784,1] [p= 783,3] [L=156778] thought , imagination , excogitation , invention , reflection , opinion , intention , inclination , affection , desire , mood , temper , spirit ib. (ifc. after a verbal noun or an inf. stem in °tu = having a mind or wishing to ; cf. draṣṭu-m° &c ; manaḥ √ kṛ , to make up one's mind ; with gen. , to feel inclination for ; manaḥ √ kṛ,pra- √kṛ , √ dhā , vi- √ dhā , √ dhṛ , √ bandh and Caus. of ni- √viś with loc. dat. acc. with prati , or inf. , to direct the mind or thoughts towards , think of or upon ; manaḥ with sam-ā- √dhā , to recover the senses , collect one's self ; with √ han » mano-hatya ; mánasā ind. in the mind ; in thought or imagination ; with all the heart , willingly ; with gen. , by the leave of ; with iva = °se*va , as with a thought , in a moment ; with √ man , to think in one's mind , be willing or inclined ; with saṃ- √gam , to become unanimous , agree ; manasi with √ kṛ , to bear or ponder in the mind , meditate on , remember ; with ni- √dhā , to impress on the mind , consider ; with √ vṛt , to be passing in one's mind)
[L=156779] N. of the 26th kalpa (s.v.) Cat.
[L=156780] of the lake mānasa BhP.
[L=156781] manaso dohaḥ N. of a sāman A1rshBr. [cf. Gk. μένος ; Lat. miner-va.]

(H3) manda--prā* ṇa [p= 788,1] [L=157744] mfn. having slow or weak breath

(H3) mandā* su [p= 788,2] [L=157801] mfn. having slow or weak breath , one from whom the breath of life is departing R.

(H1) marút [p= 790,2] [L=158299] m. pl. (prob. the " flashing or shining ones " ; cf. marīci and Gk. μαρμαίρω) the storm-gods (indra's companions and sometimes e.g. Ragh. xii , 101 = devāḥ , the gods or deities in general ; said in the veda to be the sons of rudra and pṛśni q.v. , or the children of heaven or of ocean ; and described as armed with golden weapons i.e. lightnings and thunderbolts , as having iron teeth and roaring like lions , as residing in the north , as riding in golden cars drawn by ruddy horses sometimes called pṛṣatīḥ q.v. ; they are reckoned in Naigh. v , 5 among the gods of the middle sphere , and in RV. viii , 96 , 8 are held to be three times sixty in number ; in the later literature they are the children of diti , either seven or seven times seven in number , and are sometimes said to be led by mātariśvan) RV. &c
[L=158300] the god of the wind (father of hanumat and regent of the north-west quarter of the sky) Kir. Ra1jat. (cf. comp.)
[L=158301] wind , air , breath (also applied to the five winds in the body) Ka1v. Pur. &c
[L=158302] a species of plant Bhpr.
[L=158303] m. = ṛtvij Naigh. iii , 18
[L=158304] gold ib. i , 2
[L=158305] beauty ib. iii , 7
[L=158306] N. of a sādhya Hariv.
[L=158307] of the prince bṛhad-ratha MaitrUp.
(H1B) marút [L=158308] f. Trigonella Corniculata L.
(H1B) marút [L=158309] n. a kind of fragrant substance (= granthi-parṇa) L.

(H2) marka 1 [p= 791,1] [L=158407] m. an ape , monkey BhP.
[L=158408] N. of vāyu , the wind L.
[L=158409] the mind L.
(H1) marká 2 [L=158450] m. ( √ mṛc cf. marc below) seizure i.e. eclipse (of sun) RV. x , 27 , 20 (márka) , N. of the purohita of the asuras (held to be a son of śukra) VS. TS. Br.
[L=158451] a demon presiding over various sicknesses of childhood Pa1rGr2.
[L=158452] N. of a yakṣa Cat.
(H1) marka 3 [L=158453] m. (accord. to Un2. iii , 43 fr. √ marc) the vital breath which pervades the body L. (others " wind " and " body ") .

(H1) mā́ruta [p= 812,1] [L=163305] mf(ī)n. or mārutá (fr. marut) relating or belonging to the maruts , proceeding from or consisting of the maruts RV. &c
[L=163305.05] relating to or derived from the wind , windy , aerial Mn. Hariv. &c
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.10] m. N. of viṣṇu RV.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.15] m. of rudra VarBr2S.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.20] m. a son of the maruts (applied to vāyu , ūrdhva-nabhas , dyutāna or nitāna) VS. TS. Br. S3rS.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.25] m. (= marut) wind , air , the god of wind Mn. MBh. &c
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.30] m. vital air , one of the 3 humours of the body Sus3r.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.35] m. breath S3iksh.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.40] m. a chief of the maruts g. parśv-ādi
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.45] m. N. of a marut Ya1jn5. Sch.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.50] m. of agni Gr2ihya1s.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.55] m. pl. the maruts (regarded as children of diti) MBh. R.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.60] m. N. of a people MBh. (B. ; C. maḍaka)
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.75] n. (scil. ṛkska or nakṣatra) the constellation svāti L.
(H1B) mā́ruta [L=163305.80] n. N. of a sāman A1rshBr.

(H3) mukha--māruta [p= 820,1] [L=164929] m. " mouth wind " , breath Ka1lid.

(H3) mukha--vāsa [L=164955] m. " mouth-perfume " , a perfume used to scent the breath Pan5cat. BhP. Pan5car.
[L=164956] a partic. intoxicating drink L.
[L=164957] fragrant grass L.

(H3) mukhā* nila [p= 820,2] [L=165005] m. " mouth-wind " , breath A1pS3r. Comm.

(H3) mukhā* rcis [L=165011] n. " mouth -flame " , hot breath (?) Pan5car.

(H3) mukho* cchvāsa [L=165025] m. breath A.

(H3) yatā* kṣā* su-mano-buddhi [p= 845,3] [L=170276] mfn. one who controls his eyes and breath and soul and mind BhP.

(H3) yaṣṭí--prā* na [p= 848,3] [L=170981] mfn. one whose strength lies (only) in his staff , powerless , feeble , out of breath MBh. (cf. yaṣṭy-utthāna).

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 29.4, 34.10, 34.10
Whitney Roots links: ric
(H1) ric [p= 880,2] [L=177975]
cl.7 P. A1. ( Dha1tup. xxix , 4) riṇákti , riṅkte cl.1 P. ( Dha1tup. xxxiv , 10) recati ;

cl.4 A1. (cf. Pass.) rícyate (ep. also °ti ; pf. riréca , riricé RV. &c &c : riricyām , arirecīt RV. ; p. ririkvás , riricāná ib. ; aor. ā́raik RV. ; arikṣi ib. Br. ; aricat Ka1v. ; fut. rektā Gr. , rekṣyati , °te Br. &c ; inf. rektum Gr.) , to empty , evacuate , leave , give up , resign RV. ;

to release , set free ib. ;

to part with i.e. sell (" for " instr.) ib. iv , 24 , 9 ;

to leave behind , take the place of (acc.) , supplant AV. TS. Br. ;

to separate or remove from (abl.) Bhat2t2. : Pass. ricyáte (aor. areci) , to be emptied &c RV. S3Br. &c ;

to be deprived of or freed from (abl.) Vikr. BhP. ;

to be destroyed , perish R. : Caus. (or cl.10. Dha1tup. xxxiv , 10 ; aor. arīricat) , to make empty Das3. ;

to discharge , emit (as breath , with or scil. mārutam) , Amr2itUp. Pan5car. ;

to abandon , give up Ka1v. : Desid. ririkṣati , °te Gr.: Intens. rericyate , rerektiib. [cf. Zd. ric ; Gk. λείπω , λοιπός ;Lat. linquo , licet ; Lith. likti ; Goth. leihwan ; Angl.Sax. leo4n ; Eng. loan , lend ; Germ. li7han , leihen.]


(H3) reca [L=178027] &c » [p= 887,1].
(H2) reca [p= 887,1] [L=179301] m. the emptying of the lungs by exhalation (» next) , emission of breath , Amr2itUp.
(H1) reca [p= 887,2] [L=179362] recaka &c » col.1.

(H2) recaka [p= 887,1] [L=179302] mf(ikā)n. emptying , purging , aperient , cathartic L.
[L=179303] emptying the lungs , emitting the breath L.
(H2B) recaka [L=179304] m. the act of breathing out , exhalation VarBr2S.
(H2B) recaka [L=179305] m. (esp.) expelling the breath out of one of the nostrils (one of the three prāṇāyāmas [q.v.] or breath-exercises performed during saṃdhyā) , Amr2itUp. BhP. &c RTL. 402
(H2B) recaka [L=179306] m. a syringe BhP.
(H2B) recaka [L=179307] m. a partic. movement of the feet VP.
(H2B) recaka [L=179308] m. saltpetre L.
(H2B) recaka [L=179309] m. Croton Jamalgota L.
(H2B) recaka [L=179310] m. Clerodendrum Phlomoides L.
(H2B) recaka [L=179311] m. N. of a forester Vikr. (v.l. redhaka)
(H2B) recaka [L=179312] m. pl. N. of a people MBh. (B. ārocaka)
(H2B) recaka [L=179313] n. a kind of soil or earth L.
(H2B) recaka [L=179314] n. the fruit of the yellow myrobalan L.
(H2B) recaka [L=179315] n. a purge , cathartic W.
(H2B) recaka [L=179316] m. or n. (?) = bhramaṇa Harav. (cf. next) .

(H2) recana [L=179318] mf(ī)n. purging , cathartic , aperient Sus3r.
[L=179319] clearing (the head) Car.
(H2B) recana [L=179321] n. the act of emptying , lessening , exhausting Ka1m.
(H2B) recana [L=179322] n. emission of breath , exhalation Yogas. Sch. (cf. reca and recaka)
(H2B) recana [L=179323] n. purging , evacuation Sus3r. Sarvad.
(H2B) recana [L=179324] n. clearing (the head) Car.
(H2B) recana [L=179325] n. a kind of earth L.
(H2B) recana [L=179326] n. mucus Gal.

(H1) laghú [p= 893,3] [L=180778] mf(vī , or u)n. (a later form of raghu , q.v.) light , quick , swift , active , prompt , nimble Mn. MBh. &c (also said of a partic. mode of flying peculiar to birds Pan5cat. ; applied to the nakṣatras hasta , aśvinī , and puṣya VarBr2S. )
[L=180779] light , easy , not heavy or difficult AV. &c
[L=180780] light in the stomach , easily digested Sus3r.
[L=180781] easy in mind , light-hearted Hariv. Ka1lid.
[L=180782] causing easiness or relief Sa1m2khyak.
[L=180783] well , in good health L.
[L=180784] unimpeded , without attendance or a retinue MBh. iii , 8449
[L=180785] short (in time , as a suppression of the breath) Ma1rkP.
[L=180786] (in prosody) short or light (as a vowel or syllable , opp. to guru)
[L=180787] (in gram.) easily pronounced or articulated (said of the pronunciation of va , as opp. to madhyama and guru)
[L=180788] small , minute , slight , little , insignificant S3Br. &c
[L=180789] weak , feeble , wretched , humble , mean , low (said of persons) Mn. MBh. &c
[L=180790] young , younger (» -bhrātṛ)
[L=180791] clean , pure (» -vāsas)
[L=180792] soft , gentle (as sound) Katha1s. BhP.
[L=180793] pleasing , agreeable , handsome , beautiful MBh. Ka1lid.
(H1B) laghú [L=180794] m. bdellium L.
(H1B) laghu [L=180795] (u) f. Trigonella Corniculata L.
(H1B) laghú [L=180797] m. a light carriage L.
(H1B) laghú [L=180798] m. a slender or delicate woman W.
(H1B) laghú [L=180799] n. a partic. measure of time (= 15 kāṣṭhās= 1÷15 nāḍikā) L.
(H1B) laghú [p= 894,1] [L=180800] n. a partic. species of agallochum L.
(H1B) laghú [L=180801] n. the root of Andropogon Muricatus L.
(H1C) laghú [L=180802] ind. lightly , quickly , easily &c S3ak. (laghu- √man , to think lightly of. S3ak. ) ([cf. Gk. ἐ-λαχύς ; Lat. le8vis for le1vis , lenhuis ; Lith. lengvu8s , le8ngvas ; Angl.Sax. lungre , " quickly " ; Eng. lungs , " lights. "])

(H3) vádana--pavana [p= 916,2] [L=185536] m. " mouth-wind " , breath S3is3.

(H3) vásu--prā* ṇa [p= 931,2] [L=188879] m. " breath of the vasus " , fire L.

(H3) vāg--vyaya [p= 937,1] [L=190100] m. expenditure of words or speech , waste of breath MW.

(H1) vāyú 1 [p= 942,2] [L=191228] m. (fr. √2. vā) wind , air (as one of the 5 elements ; in MBh. 7 winds are reckoned) RV. &c
[L=191229] the god of the wind (often associated with indra in the ṛg-veda , as vāta [q.v.] with parjanya , but although of equal rank with indra , not occupying so prominent a position ; in the puruṣasūkta he is said to have sprung form the breath of puruṣa , and elsewhere is described as the son-in-law of tvaṣṭṛ ; be is said to move in a shining car drawn by a pair of red or purple horses or by several teams consisting of ninety-nine or a hundred or even a thousand horses [cf. ni-yút] ; he is often made to occupy the same chariot with indra , and in conjunction with him honoured with the first draught of the soma libation ; he is rarely connected with the maruts , although in i , 134 , 4 , he is said to have begotten them from the rivers of heaven ; he is regent of the nakṣatra svāti and north-west quarter » loka-pāla) ib.
[L=191230] breathing , breath VPra1t I1s3Up.
[L=191231] the wind of the body , a vital air (of which 5 are reckoned , viz. prā*ṇa , apā*na , samāna , udāna , and vyāna ; or nāga , kūrma , kṛkara , devadatta , and dhanaṃ-jaya) Hariv. Sa1m2khyak. Veda7ntas.
[L=191232] (in medicine) the windy humour or any morbid affection of it Sus3r.
[L=191233] the wind as a kind of demon producing madness Ka1d. Vcar. (cf. -grasta)
[L=191234] (in astron.) N. of the fourth muhūrta
[L=191235] a mystical N. of the letter ya Up.
[L=191236] N. of a vasu Hariv.
[L=191237] of a daitya ib.
[L=191238] of a king of the gandharvas VP.
[L=191239] of a marut R.
[L=191240] pl. the maruts Katha1s. Ma1rkP.
(H1) vāyú 2 [p= 943,1] [L=191393] mfn. (fr. √ vai) tired , languid RV. vii , 91 , 1.
(H1) vāyú 3 [L=191394] mfn. (fr. √ vī) desirous , covetous , greedy (for food , applied to calves) TS.
[L=191395] desirable , desired by the appetite RV.

(H3) vāyú--dvāra [p= 942,3] [L=191281] n. the door of breath , Amr2itUp.

(H3B) vi-° jṛmbhikā [p= 960,3] [L=195201] f. gasping for breath Ka1d. Sus3r.
(H3B) vi-° jṛmbhikā [L=195202] f. yawning Sus3r.

(H2) vi-recaka [p= 983,2] [L=199290] mfn. purgative
[L=199291] not accompanied by breath-exhalation (in this sense vi is priv.) Va1m. ii , 2 , 8 (in a quotation).

(H3) vi-śe° ṣo* cchvasita [p= 991,1] [L=200683] n. the peculiar breath or life (cherished object) , a peculiar treasure (applied to an object especially dear) MW.

(H1) vi- √ śvas [p= 995,1] [L=201568] P. -śvasiti (ep. also -śvasati , °te) , to draw breath freely , be free from fear or apprehension , be trustful or confident , trust or confide in , rely or depend on (acc. gen. , or loc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c : Caus. -śvāsayati , to cause to trust , inspire with confidence , console , comfort , encourage Ka1v. Katha1s. Pan5cat. &c : Desid. of Caus. -śiśvāsayiṣati , to wish to inspire confidence or to encourage Bhat2t2.

(H2) vi-sarjanīya [p= 1001,1] [L=202810] mfn. (fr. vi- √sṛj) to be sent forth or emitted &c W.
[L=202811] (fr. vi-sarjana) » vrata-visarjanīya
(H2B) vi-sarjanīya [p= 1001,2] [p= 1001,1] [L=202812] m. (cf. vi-sarga above ) N. of a symbol in grammar (usually marked by two perpendicular dots [:] representing a hard and distinctly audible aspiration ; it generally , but not always , occurs at the end of a word , often taking the place of final s and r ; it is called visarjanīya either from its liability to be " rejected " or from its being pronounced with a full " emission " of breath , or from its usually appearing at the " end " of a word or sentence ; Pandits in some parts of India seem to pronounce a vowel after it , e.g. naraḥ like naraha , agniḥ like agnihi) Pra1t. Pa1n2. &c

(H1) vaikharī [p= 1020,3] [L=206680] f. N. of a partic. sound Ra1matUp. Pat.
[L=206681] speech in the fourth of its four stages from the first stirring of the air or breath , articulate utterance , that utterance of sounds or words which is complete as consisting of full and intelligible sentences MW.
[L=206682] the faculty of speech or the divinity presiding over it ib.
[L=206683] speech in general A.

(H1) vy- √ an [p= 1031,2] [L=208700]
P. -aniti , to respire , breathe , inhale and exhale RV. ;

to draw in the breath through the whole body S3Br.


(H3) vy-āna---dā́ [L=208702] mfn. giving breath VS.

(H1) śīt [p= 1077,3] [L=218268] onomat. (also written sīt) a sound made by drawing in the breath (to express any sudden thrill of pleasure or pain and esp. pleasurable sensations during sexual enjoyment).

(H2) śoṣa [p= 1085,1] [L=220026] &c » 1. śoṣa , [p= 1092,2].
(H2) śoṣa [L=220056] » 2. śoṣa , [p= 1092,2].
(H1) śoṣa 1 [p= 1092,2] [L=221669] mfn. (fr. √1. śuṣ) drying up , desiccating (also fig. = " removing , destroying ") BhP.
(H1B) śoṣa 1 [L=221670] m. the act of drying up , desiccation , dryness MBh. Sus3r.
(H1B) śoṣa 1 [L=221671] m. pulmonary consumption (also personified as an evil demon) Sus3r. VarBr2S. Hcat.
(H1B) śoṣa 1 [L=221672] m. (also w.r. for śotha or śopha.)
(H1) śóṣa 2 [L=221694] m. (fr. √ śū = śvi ; cf. śūṣa) breath , vital energy VS. ( Mahi1dh. )

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 24.61
Whitney Roots links: Svas
(H1) śvas 1 [p= 1105,3] [L=224373]
(cf. √3 -śuṣ) cl.2 P. ( Dha1tup. xxiv , 61) śvasiti (Ved. and ep. also śvásati , °te ; Impv. śvasihí AV. , śvasa MBh. ; impf. [or aor.] aśvasīt , ep. also aśvasat ; Pot. or Prec. śvasyāt , ep. also śvaset ; pr. p. śvasat , ep. also śvasamāna [for śvasamāna » below] ; pf. śaśvāsa MBh. ; fut. śvasitā Gr. ; śvasiṣyati MBh. ; inf. śvasitum ib. ; ind.p. -śvasya ib.) , to blow , hiss , pant , snort RV. &c ;

to breathe , respire , draw breath (also = live) MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to sigh , groan ib. ;

to strike , kill Naigh. ii , 19 : Caus. śvāsayati (aor. aśiśvasat) , to cause to blow or breathe &c ;

to cause heavy breathing Sus3r. : Desid. śiśvasiṣati Gr.: Intens. śāśvasyate , śāśvasti ib. (only p. śāśvasat , snorting MaitrS. )

(H1) śvás 2 [p= 1106,1] [L=224431] ind. to-morrow , on the following day (śváḥ śvaḥ , " day by day " ; śvó bhūté , " on the morrow " , " next day ") RV. &c
[L=224431.1] in the future (sec comp.)
[L=224431.2] a particle implying auspiciousness W.

(H2) śvasátha [p= 1105,3] [L=224374] m. the act of blowing , hissing , snorting , panting , breathing , breath RV. S3Br.

(H2) śvasaná [L=224375] mfn. blowing , hissing , panting , breathing RV. S3a1n3khBr. VarBr2S.
[L=224376] breathing heavily Sus3r.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224377] m. air , wind (also of the body) or the god of wind MBh. R. Sus3r.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224378] m. N. of a vasu (son of śvāsā) MBh. i , 2583
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224379] m. (śvás°) N. of a serpent-demon Suparn2.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224380] m. Vanguieria Spinosa Car.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224381] n. breathing , respiration , breath Ka1v. Pur. Sus3r.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224382] n. heavy breathing Sus3r.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224383] n. clearing the throat ib.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224384] n. hissing (of a serpent) S3is3.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224385] n. sighing , a sigh Ratna7v.
(H2B) śvasaná [L=224386] n. feeling or an object of feeling BhP. (Sch.)

(H3) śvasaná--randhra [L=224388] n. " breath-hole " , a nostril BhP.

(H3) śvasaná--samīraṇa [L=224390] n. wind (caused) by breathing , breath S3is3.

(H2) śvasita [L=224397] mfn. breathed , sighed &c
[p= 1106,1] [L=224398] possessed of breath or life , vivified , revived Katha1s.
(H2B) śvasita [L=224399] n. breathing , breath , respiration , sighing , a sigh Ka1v. Pur.

(H2) śvāsa [L=224401] m. hissing , snorting , panting R. Katha1s. BhP.
[L=224402] respiration , breath (also as a measure of time = prā*ṇa , asu) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=224403] breathing or aspiration (in the pronunciation of consonants) RPra1t. , Introd.
[L=224404] inspiration Sarvad.
[L=224405] sighing , a sigh S3ak. Sa1h.
[L=224406] affection of the breath , hard breathing , asthma (of which there are five kinds , viz. kṣudra , tamaka , chinna , mahat , and ūrdhva) Sus3r.

(H3) śvāsa--kāsa [L=224410] m. " breath-cough " , asthma (°sin mfn. suffering from it) Hcat.

(H3) śvāsa--tā [L=224412] f. the being breath , the being aspirated (cf. above ) RPra1t.
[L=224413] breathing , respiration , aspiration MW.

(H3) śvāsa--dhāraṇa [L=224414] n. suppression or suspension of breath Ka1tyS3r. Sch.

(H3) śvāsa--rodha [L=224416] m. obstruction of the breath , oppression of the chest BhP.

(H3) śvāsa--śeṣa [L=224417] mf(ā)n. having nothing left but breath , consisting only in breathing (as life) Ra1jat.

(H3) śvāsā* kula [L=224420] mfn. troubled in breathing , out of breath Campak.

(H3) śvāsā* nila [L=224421] m. wind (caused) by breathing , breath BhP.

(H3) śvāsā* ri [L=224422] m. " breath-enemy " , Costus Speciosus or Arabicus L.

(H3) ṣaṭ--karman [p= 1108,1] [L=224949] n. the six duties of Brahmans (viz. adhyayana , " studying or repeating the veda " , adhyāpana , " teaching the veda " , yajana " offering sacrifices " , yājana , " conducting them for others " , dāna , " giving " , and pratigraha , " accepting gifts ") , S3a1n3khGr2. Mn. &c (the six daily duties accord. to the later law-books , are , snāna , " religious bathing " , saṃdhyājapa , " repetition of prayers at the three saṃdhyās " , brahma-yajña , " worship of the Supreme Being by repeating the first words of sacred books " , tarpaṇa , " daily oblations of water to the gods , sages , and pitṛs " , homa , " oblations of fuel , rice &c to fire " , deva-pūjā , " worship of the secondary gods either in the domestic sanctuary or in temples ") Para1s3. RTL. 394
[L=224950] six acts any one of which is allowable to a Brahman householder as a means of subsistence (viz. ṛta , " gleaning " , amṛta , " unsolicited alms " , mṛta , " solicited alms " , karṣaṇa , " agriculture " , satyā*nṛta , " commerce or trade " , śva-vṛtti , " servitude " , the last being condemned) Mn. iv , 4 , 5 , 6 , 9
[p= 1108,2] [L=224951] six acts belonging to the practice of yoga (viz. dhautī , vastī , netī , trāṭaka , naulika , kapāla-bhātī , these consist of suppressions of the breath and self-mortifications of various kinds) Cat.
[L=224952] six acts for inflicting various kinds of injury on enemies (viz. śānti , vaśya , stambhana , vidveṣa , uccāṭana , māraṇa , qq. vv. ; these acts consist in repeating certain magical spells and texts taught in the tantras) ib.
(H3B) ṣaṭ--karman [L=224953] m. a performer of the above six acts , a Brahman who is an adept in the tantra magical formularies Mn. MBh.

(H3) sáṃ-yata---prā* ṇa [p= 1111,3] [L=225638] mfn. having the breath suppressed or having the organs restrained ib.

(H1) saṃ-vāsita [p= 1115,1] [L=226160] mfn. ( √ vās) made fragrant , perfumed MW.
[L=226161] made fetid , having an offensive smell (said of the breath) Sus3r.

(H1) saṃ- √ vid 1 [p= 1115,2] [p= 1115,1] [L=226185]
cl.2 P. A1. -vetti , -vitte , (3. pl. -vidate , or -vidrate Pa1n2. 7-1 , 7) , to know together , know thoroughly , know , recognize RV. &c ;

to perceive , feel , taste Sus3r. ;

to come to an understanding , agree with , approve (acc.) MBh. R. : Caus. -vedayati , to cause to know or perceive Pras3nUp. ;

to make known , declare MBh. ;

to know , perceive Bhat2t2. : Caus. » saṃ-vedita.

(H2) saṃ-víd 1 [L=226191] f. consciousness , intellect , knowledge , understanding (in phil. = mahat) VS. &c
[L=226192] perception , feeling , sense of (gen. or comp.) Ra1jat. BhP. Sarvad.
[L=226193] a partic. stage of yoga to be attained by retention of the breath Ma1rkP.
[L=226194] a mutual understanding , agreement , contract , covenant (acc. with √ kṛ or Caus. of √ sthā or vi- √dhā , " to make an agreement with " , instr [with and without saha , or gen.] or " to " [inf. or dat.] ; with Caus. of √ laṅgh or vyati- √kram , " to break an agreement ") TUp. Mn. MBh. &c
[L=226195] an appointment , rendezvous BhP.
[L=226196] a plan , scheme , device Ra1jat.
[L=226197] conversation , talk about (comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=226198] news , tidings MBh.
[L=226199] prescribed custom , established usage S3is3. xii , 35
[L=226200] a name , appellation ib.
[L=226201] satisfying (= toṣaṇa) S3is3. xvi , 47 (Sch.)
[L=226202] hemp L.
[L=226203] war , battle L.
[L=226204] a watch-word , war-cry W.
[L=226205] a sign , signal ib.
(H1) saṃ- √ vid 2 [L=226228]
A1. (cf. Pa1n2. 1-3 , 29) -vindate (p. -vidāná q.v.) , to find , obtain , acquire RV. S3Br. BhP. ;

to meet with (instr.) , be joined or united to AV. AitBr. S3Br. : Pass. -vidyate , to be found or obtained , be there , exist Buddh. : Intens. » -vévidāna below.

(H2) saṃ-víd 2 [L=226229] f. acquisition , property MaitrS.

(H3) saṃ-sakta---vadanā* śvāsa [p= 1119,1] [L=226772] mfn. having the breath adhering to the mouth , with suppressed breath MBh.

(H1) saṃ- √ sthā [p= 1121,2] [L=227174]
A1. -tiṣṭhate ( Pa1n2. 1-3 , 22 ; ep. and mc. also P. -tiṣṭhati ; Ved. inf. -sthātos A1pS3r. ) , to stand together , hold together (pf. p. du. -tasthāné , said of heaven and earth) RV. ;

to come or stay near (loc.) ib. VS. S3Br. ;

to meet (as enemies) , come into conflict RV. ;

to stand still , remain , stay , abide (lit. and fig. ; with vākye , " to obey ") MBh. R. &c ;

to be accomplished or completed (esp. applied to rites) Br. S3rS. Mn. MBh. BhP. ;

to prosper , succeed , get on well MBh. ;

to come to an end , perish , be lost , die MBh. Ka1v. BhP. ;

to become , be turned into or assume the form of (acc.) Lalit. : Caus -sthāpayati (Subj. aor. tiṣṭipaḥ S3Br. ) , to cause to stand up or firm , raise on their legs again (fallen horses) MBh. ;

to raise up , restore (dethroned kings) ib. ;

to confirm , encourage , comfort (ātmānam , or hṛdayam , " one's self " i.e. " take heart again ") Ka1v. Pan5cat. ;

to fix or place upon or in (loc.) Kaus3. MBh. &c ;

to put or add to (uparī) Ya1jn5. ;

to build (a town) Hariv. ;

to heap , store up (goods) VarBr2S. ;

to found , establish , fix , settle , introduce , set a foot MBh. R. Ra1jat. ;

to cause to stand still , stop , restrain , suppress (breath , semen &c ) AitBr. ;

to accomplish , conclude , complete (esp. a rite) Br. Kaus3. MBh. ;

to put to death , kill S3Br. MBh. ;

to perform the last office for i.e. to burn , cremate (a dead body) S3a1n3khBr. ;

to put to subjection , subject MW. : Desid. of Caus. -sthāpayiṣati , to wish to finish or conclude S3a1n3khBr.

(H2B) saṃ-sthā [L=227185] f. » next.
(H2) saṃ-sthā́ [L=227186] f. (ifc. f(ā).) staying or abiding with (comp.) MBh.
[L=227187] shape , form , manifestation , appearance (ifc. " appearing as ") Up. MBh. &c
[L=227188] established order , standard , rule , direction (acc. with √ kṛ or Caus. of √ sthā , " to establish or fix a rule or obligation for one's self " ; with vyati- √kram or pari √bhid , " to transgress or break an established rule or obligation ") MBh. R. &c
[L=227189] quality , property , nature Ka1v. Pur.
[p= 1121,3] [L=227190] conclusion , termination , completion TS. S3Br. &c
[L=227191] end , death Pur.
[L=227192] destruction of the world (= pralaya , said to be of four kinds , viz. naimittika , prākṛtika , nitya , ātyantika) ib.
[L=227193] a complete liturgical course , the basis or essential form of a sacrifice (the jyotiḥ-ṣṭoma , havir-yajña , and pāka-yajña consist of seven such forms) S3rS.
[L=227194] killing (paśu-s° , " killing of the sacrificial animal ") BhP.
[L=227195] cremation (of a body ; also pre*ta-s°) ib.
[L=227196] (prob.) = śrāddha Ma1rkP.
[L=227197] a spy or secret emissary in a king's own country (= cara m. prob. a group of five spies consisting of a vaṇij " , merchant " , bhikṣu , " mendicant " , chāttra , " pupil " , lingin , " one who falsely wears the mark of a twice-born " , and kṛṣīvala , " husbandman " cf. pañca-varga , and Mn. vii , 154 Kull. ) Ka1m.
[L=227198] continuation in the right way L.
[L=227199] occupation , business , profession W.
[L=227200] an assembly ib.
[L=227201] a royal ordinance ib.

(H3) saṃ-° jñaka [p= 1133,3] [L=229371] mf(ikā)n. (ifc.) = saṃjña2 (e.g. prā*ṇa-saṃjñako jīvaḥ , " life has the name breath " MaitrUp. ; cf. naṭa- , ravi-s°).

(H1) saṇi [p= 1134,1] [L=229480] m. the smell of the breath of a cow L.
(H1B) saṇi [L=229481] mfn. smelling like the breath of a cow ib.

(H3) sát--tvá [p= 1134,3] [L=229587] » below.
(H2) sat-tvá [p= 1135,2] [L=229727] n. (ifc. f(ā).) being , existence , entity , reality (īśvara-s° , " the existence of a Supreme Being ") , TS. &c &c
[L=229728] true essence , nature , disposition of mind , character Pan5cavBr. MBh. &c
[L=229729] spiritual essence , spirit , mind Mun2d2Up. Ya1jn5. MBh. BhP.
[L=229730] vital breath , life , consciousness , strength of character , strength , firmness , energy , resolution , courage , self-command , good sense , wisdom , magnanimity MBh. R. &c
[L=229731] the quality of purity or goodness (regarded in the sāṃkhya phil. as the highest of the three guṇas [q.v.] or constituents of prakṛti because it renders a person true , honest , wise &c , and a thing pure , clean &c ) MaitrUp. Mn. Ya1jn5. &c MBh. R.
[L=229732] material or elementary substance , entity , matter , a thing Nir. Pra1t.
[L=229733] a substantive , noun W.
(H2B) sat-tvá [L=229734] m. n. a living or sentient being , creature , animal Mn. MBh. &c
(H2B) sat-tvá [L=229735] m. embryo , fetus , rudiment of life (» -lakṣaṇā)
(H2B) sat-tvá [L=229736] m. a ghost , demon , goblin , monster R. VarBr2S. Katha1s.
(H2B) sat-tvá [L=229737] m. N. of a son of dhṛta-rāṣṭra MBh.
(H1) sat-tvá [p= 1138,2] [L=230480] » [p= 1135,2].

(H3) sa--prā* ṇa [p= 1149,1] [L=232377] (sá-) mfn. having breath , living TS. R. BhP.

(H1) sam-ā- √ śvas [p= 1163,1] [L=234689]
P. -śvasiti , or -śvasati , to breathe again , recover breath , revive , take courage (often in 2. sg. Impv. -śvasihi , " take courage! ") MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to trust or confide in (loc.) MBh. : Caus. -śvāsayati , to cause to revive , reanimate , encourage , comfort , calm , console MBh. R. &c


(H2) sam-āśvāsa [L=234692] m. recovering breath , relief. comfort R.
[L=234693] trust , belief. confidence MBh. Katha1s.

(H2) sam-āśvāsana [L=234694] n. (fr. Caus.) the act of causing to take breath , encouraging , cheering , comforting , consolation R. Vikr. Pan5cat.

(H2) sam-īraṇa [p= 1165,1] [L=235015] mfn. setting in motion , causing activity , stimulating , promoting MBh. R. Car.
(H2B) sam-īraṇa [L=235015.1] m. (ifc. f(ā).) breeze , wind , air , breath (also " the god of wind ") MBh. Ka1v. &c
(H2B) sam-īraṇa [L=235016] m. wind of the body (of which there are five » vāyu) Sus3r.
(H2B) sam-īraṇa [L=235017] m. N. of the number " five " VarBr2S.
(H2B) sam-īraṇa [L=235018] m. a traveller L.
(H2B) sam-īraṇa [L=235019] m. marjoram or a similar plant L.
(H2B) sam-īraṇa [p= 1165,2] [L=235020] n. setting in motion TPra1t.
(H2B) sam-īraṇa [L=235021] n. hurling , throwing MBh.

(H1) sam-prati-prā* ṇa [p= 1174,2] [L=236363] m. the chief breath AitA1r.

(H3) sa--śvāsa [p= 1192,1] [L=239780] mfn. having breath , breathing , living Ra1jat.

(H3) sahita--kumbhaka [p= 1195,1] [L=240437] m. a partic. mode of suppressing the breath (» prā*ṇā*yāma).

(H3B) su--ṣumṇā́ [p= 1237,3] [L=250245] f. a partic. artery (prob. " the carotid ") or vein of the body (lying between those called iḍā and piṅgalā , and supposed to be one of the passages for the breath or spirit ; cf. brahma-randhra) Up. BhP. Ra1jat.

(H3B) su--ṣumnā́ [L=250248] f. a partic. artery (prob. " the carotid ") or vein of the body (lying between those called iḍā and piṅgalā , and supposed to be one of the passages for the breath or spirit ; cf. brahma-randhra) Up. BhP. Ra1jat.

(H3) stokā* vaśeṣprā* ṇa [p= 1259,3] [L=254790] mfn. id. (lit. " having little breath left ") Ra1jat.

(H3) svá--bhavas [p= 1276,1] [L=258035] (svá-) mfn. (prob.) being in the Self (said of the breath) TS.

(H3) svá--sva-prā* ṇa [p= 1277,1] [L=258291] m. pl. the respective breath or life of each Sa1y.

(H3) svára--saṃgraha [p= 1285,2] [L=259950] m. N. of wk. on suppression of the voice and breath (for attaining beatitude).

(H2) hīná [p= 1296,2] [L=262540] mfn. left , abandoned , forsaken RV.
[p= 1296,3] [L=262541] left behind , excluded or shut out from , lower or weaker than , inferior to (abl.) Mn. MBh. &c
[L=262542] left out , wanting , omitted MBh.
[L=262543] defeated or worsted (in a lawsuit) Ya1jn5.
[L=262544] deficient , defective , faulty , insufficient , short , incomplete , poor , little , low , vile , bad , base , mean S3Br. &c
[L=262545] bereft or deprived of , free from , devoid or destitute of , without (instr. abl. loc. acc. , or comp. ; prā*ṇair hīnaḥ , " bereft of breath or life " ; mantrād or mantrato h° , " devoid of sacred knowledge ") Mun2d2Up. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. MBh. &c
[L=262546] lost or strayed from (a caravan) Pa1n2. i , 4 , 23 Ka1s3.
[L=262547] brought low , broken down in circumstances S3rS.
(H2B) hīná [L=262548] m. a faulty or defective witness (of five kinds , viz. anya-vādin , kriyā-dveṣin , no*pasthāyin , nir-uttara , āhūsa-prapalā*yin) Ya1jn5. Sch.
(H2B) hīná [L=262549] m. subtraction (= = vyavakalana) MW.
(H2B) hīná [L=262550] m. Mesua Ferrea L.
(H2B) hīná [L=262552] n. deficiency , want , absence (velā-hīne " before the right time " , " unseasonably ") VarBr2S. Ya1jn5.
(H1) hīna [p= 1300,3] [L=263411] &c » [p= 1296,2].

(H2) hikkita [p= 1298,1] [L=262795] n. hiccup , spasmodic catch and sound in the breath Pat.

(H3) prā* ṇa--saṃhita [p= 1330,3] [L=337000.3] mfn. connected with breath, JaimUp.

(H3) mukha--vāta [p= 1331,3] [L=338280.2] m. "mouth-wind", breath, Hir. ??